Koine Greek: Periphrasis

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Periphrasis in Koine Greek
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Lesson

Periphrasis is a grammatical term that, in Koine Greek is used to describe the use of the verb to be plus a participle, rather than use an inflected verb alone. For example ακουοντες ησαν in Galatians 1:23 is translated as they were hearing; the word ησαν (they were) is an unnecessary additional word that does not change the meaning.

There are 4 uses of periphrasis in Koine Greek

  1. Imperfect Periphrastic
  2. Future Periphrastic
  3. Perfect Periphrastic
  4. Pluperfect Periphrastic

Imperfect Periphrastic

An imperfect periphrastic is formed by

  • Imperfect of Ειμι

Plus

  • Present Participle

It is translated in the same way as an Imperfect verb

For example

Future Periphrastic

A future periphrastic is formed by

  • Future of Ειμι

Plus

  • Present Participle

In is translated in the same way as a Future verb.

For example

Perfect Periphrastic

A perfect periphrastic is formed by

  • Present of Ειμι

Plus

  • Perfect Participle

It is translated in the same way as a Perfect verb.

Pluperfect Periphrastic

A pluperfect periphrastic is formed by

  • Imperfect of Ειμι

Plus

  • Perfect Participle

It is translated in the same way as a Pluperfect verb.

For example

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