Koine Greek: Genitive Absolute

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Synopsis: When a participle refers to a new subject that is not related to the main verb, then the subject is placed next to the participle in the genitive case - this new subject is known as the genitive absolute.


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When a participle refers to a new subject that is not related to the main verb, then the subject is placed next to the participle in the genitive case - this new subject is known as the genitive absolute.

For example in the sentence "τοῦ δεσπότου κελεύσαντος, οἱ δοῦλοι ἢργαζον" (after the master has ordered it, the slaves begin to work) the noun "τοῦ δεσπότου" is in the genitive case showing that it is the subject of κελεύσαντος.

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