| Esther 9 - Versions
| Esther 9 Text (WEB)
- Now in the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the month, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, on the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to conquer them, (but it was turned out the opposite happened, that the Jews conquered those who hated them),
- the Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus, to lay hands on those who wanted to harm them. No one could withstand them, because the fear of them had fallen on all the people.
- All the princes of the provinces, the satraps, the governors, and those who did the king's business helped the Jews, because the fear of Mordecai had fallen on them.
- For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces; for the man Mordecai grew greater and greater.
- The Jews struck all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and with slaughter and destruction, and did what they wanted to those who hated them.
- In the citadel of Susa, the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men.
- They killed Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha,
- Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha,
- Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai, and Vaizatha,
- the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jew's enemy, but they didn't lay their hand on the plunder.
- On that day, the number of those who were slain in the citadel of Susa was brought before the king.
- The king said to Esther the queen, "The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in the citadel of Susa, including the ten sons of Haman; what then have they done in the rest of the king's provinces! Now what is your petition? It shall be granted you. What is your further request? It shall be done."
- Then Esther said, "If it pleases the king, let it be granted to the Jews who are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows."
- The king commanded this to be done. A decree was given out in Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.
- The Jews who were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and killed three hundred men in Shushan; but they didn't lay their hand on the spoil.
- The other Jews who were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, defended their lives, had rest from their enemies, and killed seventy-five thousand of those who hated them; but they didn't lay their hand on the plunder.
- This was done on the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of that month they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
- But the Jews who were in Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth and on the fourteenth days of the month; and on the fifteenth day of that month, they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
- Therefore the Jews of the villages, who live in the unwalled towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, a good day, and a day of sending presents of food to one another.
- Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both near and far,
- to enjoin them that they should keep the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month Adar yearly,
- as the days in which the Jews had rest from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to gladness, and from mourning into a good day; that they should make them days of feasting and gladness, and of sending presents of food to one another, and gifts to the needy.
- The Jews accepted the custom that they had begun, as Mordecai had written to them;
- because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast "Pur," that is the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
- but when this became known to the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he had devised against the Jews, should return on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
- Therefore they called these days "Purim," from the word "Pur." Therefore because of all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and that which had come to them,
- the Jews established, and imposed on themselves, and on their descendants, and on all those who joined themselves to them, so that it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to what was written, and according to its appointed time, every year;
- and that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memory of them perish from their seed.
- Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority to confirm this second letter of Purim.
- He sent letters to all the Jews, to the hundred twenty-seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,
| Esther 9 Text (Hebrew)
- ובשנים עשר חדש הוא־חדש אדר בשלושה עשר יום בו אשר הגיע דבר־המלך ודתו להעשות ביום אשר שברו איבי היהודים לשלוט בהם ונהפוך הוא אשר ישלטו היהודים המה בשנאיהם׃
- נקהלו היהודים בעריהם בכל־מדינות המלך אחשורוש לשלח יד במבקשי רעתם ואיש לא־עמד לפניהם כי־נפל פחדם על־כל־העמים׃
- וכל־שרי המדינות והאחשדרפנים והפחות ועשי המלאכה אשר למלך מנשאים את־היהודים כי־נפל פחד־מרדכי עליהם׃
- כי־גדול מרדכי בבית המלך ושמעו הולך בכל־המדינות כי־האיש מרדכי הולך וגדול׃ ף
- ויכו היהודים בכל־איביהם מכת־חרב והרג ואבדן ויעשו בשנאיהם כרצונם׃
- ובשושן הבירה הרגו היהודים ואבד חמש מאות איש׃
- ואת פרשנדתא ואת דלפון ואת אספתא׃
- ואת פורתא ואת אדליא ואת ארידתא׃
- ואת פרמשתא ואת אריסי ואת ארדי ואת ויזתא׃
- עשרת בני המן בן־המדתא צרר היהודים הרגו ובבזה לא שלחו את־ידם׃
- ביום ההוא בא מספר ההרוגים בשושן הבירה לפני המלך׃ ס
- ויאמר המלך לאסתר המלכה בשושן הבירה הרגו היהודים ואבד חמש מאות איש ואת עשרת בני־המן בשאר מדינות המלך מה עשו ומה־שאלתכ וינתן לך ומה־בקשתך עוד ותעש׃
- ותאמר אסתר אם־על־המלך טוב ינתן גם־מחר ליהודים אשר בשושן לעשות כדת היום ואת עשרת בני־המן יתלו על־העץ׃
- ויאמר המלך להעשות כן ותנתן דת בשושן ואת עשרת בני־המן תלו׃
- ויקהלו אשר־בשושן גם ביום ארבעה עשר לחדש אדר ויהרגו בשושן שלש מאות איש ובבזה לא שלחו את־ידם׃
- ושאר היהודים אשר במדינות המלך נקהלו ועמד על־נפשם ונוח מאיביהם והרג בשנאיהם חמשה ושבעים אלף ובבזה לא שלחו את־ידם׃
- ביום־שלשה עשר לחדש אדר ונוח בארבעה עשר בו ועשה אתו יום משתה ושמחה׃
- אשר־בשושן נקהלו בשלשה עשר בו ובארבעה עשר בו ונוח בחמשה עשר בו ועשה אתו יום משתה ושמחה׃
- על־כן היהודים הישבים בערי הפרזות עשים את יום ארבעה עשר לחדש אדר שמחה ומשתה ויום טוב ומשלוח מנות איש לרעהו׃ ף
- ויכתב מרדכי את־הדברים האלה וישלח ספרים אל־כל־היהודים אשר בכל־מדינות המלך אחשורוש הקרובים והרחוקים׃
- לקים עליהם להיות עשים את יום ארבעה עשר לחדש אדר ואת יום־חמשה עשר בו בכל־שנה ושנה׃
- כימים אשר־נחו בהם היהודים מאויביהם והחדש אשר נהפך להם מיגון לשמחה ומאבל ליום טוב לעשות אותם ימי משתה ושמחה ומשלוח מנות איש לרעהו ומתנות לאביונים׃
- וקבל היהודים את אשר־החלו לעשות ואת אשר־כתב מרדכי אליהם׃
- כי המן בן־המדתא האגגי צרר כל־היהודים חשב על־היהודים לאבדם והפיל פור הוא הגורל להםם ולאבדם׃
- ובבאה לפני המלך אמר עם־הספר ישוב מחשבתו הרעה אשר־חשב על־היהודים על־ראשו ותלו אתו ואת־בניו על־העץ׃
- על־כן קראו לימים האלה פורים על־שם הפור על־כן על־כל־דברי האגרת הזאת ומה־ראו על־ככה ומה הגיע אליהם׃
- קימו היהודים עליהם ועל־זרעם ועל כל־הנלוים עליהם ולא יעבור להיות עשים את שני הימים האלה ככתבם וכזמנם בכל־שנה ושנה׃
- והימים האלה נזכרים ונעשים בכל־דור ודור משפחה ומשפחה מדינה ומדינה ועיר ועיר וימי הפורים האלה לא יעברו מתוך היהודים וזכרם לא־יסוף מזרעם׃ ס
- ותכתב אסתר המלכה בת־אביחיל ומרדכי היהודי את־כל־תקף לקים את אגרת הפורים הזאת השנית׃
- וישלח ספרים אל־כל־היהודים אל־שבע ועשרים ומאה מדינה מלכות אחשורוש דברי שלום ואמת׃
| Esther 9 Text (Latin)
- Igitur duodecimi mensis, quem Adar vocari ante jam diximus, tertiadecima die, quando cunctis Judæis interfectio parabatur, et hostes eorum inhiabant sanguini, versa vice Judæi superiores esse cœperunt, et se de adversariis vindicare.
- Congregatique sunt per singulas civitates, oppida, et loca, ut extenderent manum contra inimicos, et persecutores suos. Nullusque ausus est resistere, eo quod omnes populos magnitudinis eorum formido penetrarat.
- Nam et provinciarum judices, et duces, et procuratores, omnisque dignitas, quæ singulis locis ac operibus præerat, extollebant Judæos timore Mardochæi :
- quem principem esse palatii, et plurimum posse cognoverant : fama quoque nominis ejus crescebat quotidie, et per cunctorum ora volitabat.
- Itaque percusserunt Judæi inimicos suos plaga magna, et occiderunt eos, reddentes eis quod sibi paraverant facere :
- in tantum ut etiam in Susan quingentos viros interficerent, extra decem filios Aman Agagitæ hostis Judæorum : quorum ista sunt nomina :
- Pharsandatha, et Delphon, et Esphatha,
- et Phoratha, et Adalia, et Aridatha,
- et Phermesta et Arisai, et Aridai, et Jezatha.
- Quos cum occidissent, prædas de substantiis eorum tangere noluerunt.
- Statimque numerus eorum, qui occisi erant in Susan, ad regem relatus est.
- Qui dixit reginæ : In urbe Susan interfecerunt Judæi quingentos viros, et alios decem filios Aman : quantam putas eos exercere cædem in universis provinciis ? quid ultra postulas, et quid vis ut fieri jubeam ?
- Cui illa respondit : Si regi placet, detur potestas Judæis, ut sicut fecerunt hodie in Susan, sic et cras faciant, et decem filii Aman in patibulis suspendantur.
- Præcepitque rex ut ita fieret. Statimque in Susan pependit edictum, et decem filii Aman suspensi sunt.
- Congregatis Judæis quartadecima die mensis Adar, interfecti sunt in Susan trecenti viri : nec eorum ab illis direpta substantia est.
- Sed et per omnes provincias, quæ ditioni regis subjacebant, pro animabus suis steterunt Judæi, interfectis hostibus ac persecutoribus suis : in tantum ut septuaginta quinque millia occisorum implerentur, et nullus de substantiis eorum quidquam contingeret.
- Dies autem tertiusdecimus mensis Adar primus apud omnes interfectionis fuit, et quartadecima die cædere desierunt. Quem constituerunt esse solemnem, ut in eo omni tempore deinceps vacarent epulis, gaudio atque conviviis.
- At hi, qui in urbe Susan cædem exercuerant, tertiodecimo et quartodecimo die ejusdem mensis in cæde versati sunt : quintodecimo autem die percutere desierunt. Et idcirco eumdem diem constituerunt solemnem epularum atque lætitiæ.
- Hi vero Judæi, qui in oppidis non muratis ac villis morabantur, quartumdecimum diem mensis Adar conviviorum et gaudii decreverunt, ita ut exultent in eo, et mittant sibi mutuo partes epularum et ciborum.
- Scripsit itaque Mardochæus omnia hæc, et litteris comprehensa misit ad Judæos, qui in omnibus regis provinciis morabantur, tam in vicino positis, quam procul,
- ut quartamdecimam et quintamdecimam diem mensis Adar pro festis susciperent, et revertente semper anno solemni celebrarent honore :
- quia in ipsis diebus se ulti sunt Judæi de inimicis suis, et luctus atque tristitia in hilaritatem gaudiumque conversa sunt, essentque dies isti epularum atque lætitiæ, et mitterent sibi invicem ciborum partes, et pauperibus munuscula largirentur.
- Susceperuntque Judæi in solemnem ritum cuncta quæ eo tempore facere cœperant, et quæ Mardochæus litteris facienda mandaverat.
- Aman enim, filius Amadathi stirpis Agag, hostis et adversarius Judæorum, cogitavit contra eos malum, ut occideret illos, atque deleret : et misit phur, quod nostra lingua vertitur in sortem.
- Et postea ingressa est Esther ad regem, obsecrans ut conatus ejus, litteris regis irriti fierent : et malum, quod contra Judæos cogitaverat, reverteretur in caput ejus. Denique et ipsum et filios ejus affixerunt cruci,
- atque ex illo tempore dies isti appellati sunt phurim, id est sortium : eo quod phur, id est sors, in urnam missa fuerit. Et cuncta, quæ gesta sunt, epistolæ, id est libri hujus volumine continentur :
- quæque sustinuerunt, et quæ deinceps immutata sunt, susceperunt Judæi super se et semen suum, et super cunctos, qui religioni eorum voluerunt copulari, ut nulli liceat duos hos dies absque solemnitate transigere : quos scriptura testatur, et certa expetunt tempora, annis sibi jugiter succedentibus.
- Isti sunt dies, quos nulla umquam delebit oblivio : et per singulas generationes cunctæ in toto orbe provinciæ celebrabunt : nec est ulla civitas, in qua dies phurim, id est sortium, non observentur a Judæis, et ab eorum progenie, quæ his cæremoniis obligata est.
- Scripseruntque Esther regina filia Abihail, et Mardochæus Judæus etiam secundam epistolam, ut omni studio dies ista solemnis sanciretur in posterum :
- et miserunt ad omnes Judæos, qui in centum viginti septem provinciis regis Assueri versabantur, ut haberent pacem, et susciperent veritatem,
| Esther 9 Text (KJV)
- Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)
- The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.
- And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
- For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.
- Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.
- And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.
- And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
- And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
- And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,
- The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.
- On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king.
- And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.
- Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.
- And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.
- For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand.
- But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
- On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
- But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof; and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
- Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.
- And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,
- To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,
- As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
- And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them;
- Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
- But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
- Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,
- The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year;
- And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
- Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
- And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,