Deuteronomy 19

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Deuteronomy 19 - Versions
Deuteronomy 19 Text (WEB)
  1. When Yahweh your God shall cut off the nations, whose land Yahweh your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;
  2. you shall set apart three cities for you in the midst of your land, which Yahweh your God gives you to possess it.
  3. You shall prepare you the way, and divide the borders of your land, which Yahweh your God causes you to inherit, into three parts, that every manslayer may flee there.
  4. This is the case of the manslayer, that shall flee there and live: whoever kills his neighbor unawares, and didn't hate him in time past;
  5. as when a man goes into the forest with his neighbor to chop wood, and his hand fetches a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle, and lights on his neighbor, so that he dies; he shall flee to one of these cities and live:
  6. lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he didn't hate him in time past.
  7. Therefore I command you, saying, You shall set apart three cities for yourselves.
  8. If Yahweh your God enlarges your border, as he has sworn to your fathers, and gives you all the land which he promised to give to your fathers;
  9. if you keep all this commandment to do it, which I command you this day, to love Yahweh your God, and to walk ever in his ways; then you shall add three cities more for yourselves, besides these three:
  10. that innocent blood not be shed in the midst of your land, which Yahweh your God gives you for an inheritance, and so blood be on you.
  11. But if any man hates his neighbor, and lies in wait for him, and rises up against him, and strikes him mortally so that he dies, and he flees into one of these cities;
  12. then the elders of his city shall send and bring him there, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.
  13. Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall put away the innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you.
  14. You shall not remove your neighbor's landmark, which they of old time have set, in your inheritance which you shall inherit, in the land that Yahweh your God gives you to possess it.
  15. One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.
  16. If an unrighteous witness rise up against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing,
  17. then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before Yahweh, before the priests and the judges who shall be in those days;
  18. and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness is a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother;
  19. then you shall do to him as he had thought to do to his brother: so you shall put away the evil from the midst of you.
  20. Those who remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil in the midst of you.
  21. Your eyes shall not pity; life [shall go] for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Deuteronomy 19 Text (Hebrew)
  1. כי־יכרית יהוה אלהיך את־הגוים אשר יהוה אלהיך נתן לך את־ארצם וירשתם וישבת בעריהם ובבתיהם׃
  2. שלוש ערים תבדיל לך בתוך ארצך אשר יהוה אלהיך נתן לך לרשתה׃
  3. תכין לך הדרך ושלשת את־גבול ארצך אשר ינחילך יהוה אלהיך והיה לנוס שמה כל־רצח׃
  4. וזה דבר הרצח אשר־ינוס שמה וחי אשר יכה את־רעהו בבלי־דעת והוא לא־שנא לו מתמל שלשם׃
  5. ואשר יבא את־רעהו ביער לחטב עצים ונדחה ידו בגרזן לכרת העץ ונשל הברזל מן־העץ ומצא את־רעהו ומת הוא ינוס אל־אחת הערים־האלה וחי׃
  6. פן־ירדף גאל הדם אחרי הרצח כי־יחם לבבו והשיגו כי־ירבה הדרך והכהו נפש ולו אין משפט־מות כי לא שנא הוא לו מתמול שלשום׃
  7. על־כן אנכי מצוך לאמר שלש ערים תבדיל לך׃ ס
  8. ואם־ירחיב יהוה אלהיך את־גבלך כאשר נשבע לאבתיך ונתן לך את־כל־הארץ אשר דבר לתת לאבתיך׃
  9. כי־תשמר את־כל־המצוה הזאת לעשתה אשר אנכי מצוך היום לאהבה את־יהוה אלהיך וללכת בדרכיו כל־הימים ויספת לך עוד שלש ערים על השלש האלה׃
  10. ולא ישפך דם נקי בקרב ארצך אשר יהוה אלהיך נתן לך נחלה והיה עליך דמים׃ ס
  11. וכי־יהיה איש שנא לרעהו וארב לו וקם עליו והכהו נפש ומת ונס אל־אחת הערים האל׃
  12. ושלחו זקני עירו ולקחו אתו משם ונתנו אתו ביד גאל הדם ומת׃
  13. לא־תחוס עינך עליו ובערת דם־הנקי מישראל וטוב לך׃ ס
  14. לא תסיג גבול רעך אשר גבלו ראשנים בנחלתך אשר תנחל בארץ אשר יהוה אלהיך נתן לך לרשתה׃ ס
  15. לא־יקום עד אחד באיש לכל־עון ולכל־חטאת בכל־חטא אשר יחטא על־פי שני עדים או על־פי שלשה־עדים יקום דבר׃
  16. כי־יקום עד־חמס באיש לענות בו סרה׃
  17. ועמדו שני־האנשים אשר־להם הריב לפני יהוה לפני הכהנים והשפטים אשר יהיו בימים ההם׃
  18. ודרשו השפטים היטב והנה עד־שקר העד שקר ענה באחיו׃
  19. ועשיתם לו כאשר זםם לעשות לאחיו ובערת הרע מקרבך׃
  20. והנשארים ישמעו ויראו ולא־יספו לעשות עוד כדבר הרע הזה בקרבך׃
  21. ולא תחוס עינך נפש בנפש עין בעין שן בשן יד ביד רגל ברגל׃ ס
Deuteronomy 19 Text (Greek)
  1. εαν δε αφανιση κυριος ο θεος σου τα εθνη α ο θεος σου διδωσιν σοι την γην αυτων και κατακληρονομησητε αυτους και κατοικησητε εν ταις πολεσιν αυτων και εν τοις οικοις
  2. τρεις πολεις διαστελεις σεαυτω εν μεσω της γης σου ης κυριος ο θεος σου διδωσιν
  3. στοχασαι σοι την οδον και τριμεριεις τα ορια της γης σου ην καταμεριζει σοι κυριος ο θεος σου και εσται καταφυγη εκει παντι
  4. τουτο δε εσται το προσταγμα του φονευτου ος αν φυγη εκει και ζησεται ος αν παταξη τον πλησιον αυτου ακουσιως και ουτος ου μισων αυτον προ της εχθες και προ της
  5. και ος αν εισελθη μετα του πλησιον εις τον δρυμον συναγαγειν ξυλα και εκκρουσθη η χειρ αυτου τη αξινη κοπτοντος το ξυλον και εκπεσον το σιδηριον απο του ξυλου τυχη του πλησιον και αποθανη ουτος καταφευξεται εις μιαν των πολεων τουτων και
  6. ινα μη διωξας ο αγχιστευων του αιματος οπισω του φονευσαντος οτι παρατεθερμανται τη καρδια και καταλαβη αυτον εαν μακροτερα η η οδος και παταξη αυτου την ψυχην και αποθανη και τουτω ουκ εστιν κρισις θανατου οτι ου μισων ην αυτον προ της εχθες και προ της
  7. δια τουτο εγω σοι εντελλομαι το ρημα τουτο λεγων τρεις πολεις διαστελεις
  8. εαν δε εμπλατυνη κυριος ο θεος σου τα ορια σου ον τροπον ωμοσεν τοις πατρασιν σου και δω σοι κυριος πασαν την γην ην ειπεν δουναι τοις πατρασιν
  9. εαν ακουσης ποιειν πασας τας εντολας ταυτας ας εγω εντελλομαι σοι σημερον αγαπαν κυριον τον θεον σου πορευεσθαι εν πασαις ταις οδοις αυτου πασας τας ημερας και προσθησεις σεαυτω ετι τρεις πολεις προς τας τρεις
  10. και ουκ εκχυθησεται αιμα αναιτιον εν τη γη σου η κυριος ο θεος σου διδωσιν σοι εν κληρω και ουκ εσται εν σοι αιματι
  11. εαν δε γενηται ανθρωπος μισων τον πλησιον και ενεδρευση αυτον και επαναστη επ' αυτον και παταξη αυτου ψυχην και απεθανη και φυγη εις μιαν των πολεων
  12. και αποστελουσιν η γερουσια της πολεως αυτου και λημψονται αυτον εκειθεν και παραδωσουσιν αυτον εις χειρας τω αγχιστευοντι του αιματος και
  13. ου φεισεται ο οφθαλμος σου επ' αυτω και καθαριεις το αιμα το αναιτιον εξ ισραηλ και ευ σοι
  14. ου μετακινησεις ορια του πλησιον σου α εστησαν οι πατερες σου εν τη κληρονομια σου η κατεκληρονομηθης εν τη γη η κυριος ο θεος σου διδωσιν σοι εν
  15. ουκ εμμενει μαρτυς εις μαρτυρησαι κατα ανθρωπου κατα πασαν αδικιαν και κατα παν αμαρτημα και κατα πασαν αμαρτιαν ην αν αμαρτη επι στοματος δυο μαρτυρων και επι στοματος τριων μαρτυρων σταθησεται παν
  16. εαν δε καταστη μαρτυς αδικος κατα ανθρωπου καταλεγων αυτου
  17. και στησονται οι δυο ανθρωποι οις εστιν αυτοις η αντιλογια εναντι κυριου και εναντι των ιερεων και εναντι των κριτων οι εαν ωσιν εν ταις ημεραις
  18. και εξετασωσιν οι κριται ακριβως και ιδου μαρτυς αδικος εμαρτυρησεν αδικα αντεστη κατα του αδελφου
  19. και ποιησετε αυτω ον τροπον επονηρευσατο ποιησαι κατα του αδελφου αυτου και εξαρεις τον πονηρον εξ υμων
  20. και οι επιλοιποι ακουσαντες φοβηθησονται και ου προσθησουσιν ετι ποιησαι κατα το ρημα το πονηρον τουτο εν
  21. ου φεισεται ο οφθαλμος σου επ' αυτω ψυχην αντι ψυχης οφθαλμον αντι οφθαλμου οδοντα αντι οδοντος χειρα αντι χειρος ποδα αντι
Deuteronomy 19 Text (Latin)
  1. Cum disperdiderit Dominus Deus tuus gentes, quarum tibi traditurus est terram, et possederis eam, habitaverisque in urbibus ejus et in ædibus :
  2. tres civitates separabis tibi in medio terræ, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi in possessionem,
  3. sternens diligenter viam : et in tres æqualiter partes totam terræ tuæ provinciam divides : ut habeat e vicino qui propter homicidium profugus est, quo possit evadere.
  4. Hæc erit lex homicidæ fugientis, cujus vita servanda est : qui percusserit proximum suum nesciens, et qui heri et nudiustertius nullum contra eum odium habuisse comprobatur :
  5. sed abiisse cum eo simpliciter in silvam ad ligna cædenda, et in succisione lignorum securis fugerit manu, ferrumque lapsum de manubrio amicum ejus percusserit, et occiderit : hic ad unam supradictarum urbium confugiet, et vivet :
  6. ne forsitan proximus ejus, cujus effusus est sanguis, dolore stimulatus, persequatur, et apprehendat eum si longior via fuerit, et percutiat animam ejus, qui non est reus mortis : quia nullum contra eum, qui occisus est, odium prius habuisse monstratur.
  7. Idcirco præcipio tibi, ut tres civitates æqualis inter se spatii dividas.
  8. Cum autem dilataverit Dominus Deus tuus terminos tuos, sicut juravit patribus tuis, et dederit tibi cunctam terram, quam eis pollicitus est
  9. (si tamen custodieris mandata ejus, et feceris, quæ hodie præcipio tibi, ut diligas Dominum Deum tuum, et ambules in viis ejus omni tempore), addes tibi tres alias civitates, et supradictarum trium urbium numerum duplicabis :
  10. ut non effundatur sanguis innoxius in medio terræ, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi possidendam, ne sis sanguinis reus.
  11. Si quis autem, odio habens proximum suum, insidiatus fuerit vitæ ejus, surgensque percusserit illum, et mortuus fuerit, fugeritque ad unam de supradictis urbibus,
  12. mittent seniores civitatis illius, et arripient eum de loco effugii, tradentque in manu proximi, cujus sanguis effusus est, et morietur.
  13. Non miseraberis ejus, et auferes innoxium sanguinem de Israël, ut bene sit tibi.
  14. Non assumes, et transferes terminos proximi tui, quos fixerunt priores in possessione tua, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi in terra quam acceperis possidendam.
  15. Non stabit testis unus contra aliquem, quidquid illud peccati, et facinoris fuerit : sed in ore duorum aut trium testium stabit omne verbum.
  16. Si steterit testis mendax contra hominem, accusans eum prævaricationis,
  17. stabunt ambo, quorum causa est, ante Dominum in conspectu sacerdotum et judicum qui fuerint in diebus illis.
  18. Cumque diligentissime perscrutantes, invenerint falsum testem dixisse contra fratrem suum mendacium,
  19. reddent ei sicut fratri suo facere cogitavit, et auferes malum de medio tui :
  20. ut audientes ceteri timorem habeant, et nequaquam talia audeant facere.
  21. Non misereberis ejus, sed animam pro anima, oculum pro oculo, dentem pro dente, manum pro manu, pedem pro pede exiges.
Deuteronomy 19 Text (KJV)
  1. When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;
  2. Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.
  3. Thou shalt prepare thee a way, and divide the coasts of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every slayer may flee thither.
  4. And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;
  5. As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live:
  6. Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.
  7. Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee.
  8. And if the LORD thy God enlarge thy coast, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, and give thee all the land which he promised to give unto thy fathers;
  9. If thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee this day, to love the LORD thy God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shalt thou add three cities more for thee, beside these three:
  10. That innocent blood be not shed in thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and so blood be upon thee.
  11. But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:
  12. Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.
  13. Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.
  14. Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.
  15. One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
  16. If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong;
  17. Then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days;
  18. And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;
  19. Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.
  20. And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you.
  21. And thine eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Deuteronomy 19
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SERMONS, ESSAYS AND OPINIONS
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