Council of Chalcedon

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Cancel of Chalcedon, 451 AD
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The Council of Chalcedon was an ecumenical council that took place in 451 AD at Chalcedon (a city in Asia Minor) which today is part of the city of Istanbul. It is the fourth of the first seven Ecumenical Councils in Christianity, and is therefore recognized as infallible in its dogmatic definitions by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. It repudiated the doctrine of monophysitism (that Jesus has only one nature), and set forth the Chalcedonian Creed, which describes the two two natures of Christ - humanity and full divinity of Jesus. The result of the council was a major schism. This is the origin of Oriental Orthodoxy which rejected the results of this council who affirmed monophysitism and felt that this council was endorsing a form of Nestorianism.

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