Bible:2 Kings 23

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2 Kings 23 - Versions
2 Kings 23 Text (WEB)
  1. The king sent, and they gathered to him all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem.
  2. The king went up to the house of Yahweh, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of Yahweh.
  3. The king stood by the pillar, and made a covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh, and to keep his commandments, and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all [his] heart, and all [his] soul, to confirm the words of this covenant that were written in this book: and all the people stood to the covenant.
  4. The king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the threshold, to bring forth out of the temple of Yahweh all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the Asherah, and for all the army of the sky, and he burned them outside of Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and carried the ashes of them to Bethel.
  5. He put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places around Jerusalem; those also who burned incense to Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the army of the sky.
  6. He brought out the Asherah from the house of Yahweh, outside of Jerusalem, to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and beat it to dust, and cast its dust on the graves of the common people.
  7. He broke down the houses of the sodomites, that were in the house of Yahweh, where the women wove hangings for the Asherah.
  8. He brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba; and he broke down the high places of the gates that were at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city.
  9. Nevertheless the priests of the high places didn't come up to the altar of Yahweh in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread among their brothers.
  10. He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
  11. He took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entrance of the house of Yahweh, by the room of Nathan Melech the officer, who was in the court; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
  12. The altars that were on the roof of the upper room of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Yahweh, did the king break down, and beat [them] down from there, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
  13. The high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mountain of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile.
  14. He broke in pieces the pillars, and cut down the Asherim, and filled their places with the bones of men.
  15. Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, even that altar and the high place he broke down; and he burned the high place and beat it to dust, and burned the Asherah.
  16. As Josiah turned himself, he spied the tombs that were there in the mountain; and he sent, and took the bones out of the tombs, and burned them on the altar, and defiled it, according to the word of Yahweh which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these things.
  17. Then he said, "What monument is that which I see?" The men of the city told him, "It is the tomb of the man of God, who came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that you have done against the altar of Bethel."
  18. He said, "Let him be! Let no man move his bones." So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet who came out of Samaria.
  19. All the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke [Yahweh] to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel.
  20. He killed all the priests of the high places that were there, on the altars, and burned men's bones on them; and he returned to Jerusalem.
  21. The king commanded all the people, saying, "Keep the Passover to Yahweh your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant."
  22. Surely there was not kept such a Passover from the days of the judges who judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;
  23. but in the eighteenth year of king Josiah was this Passover kept to Yahweh in Jerusalem.
  24. Moreover those who had familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might confirm the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of Yahweh.
  25. Like him was there no king before him, who turned to Yahweh with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.
  26. Notwithstanding, Yahweh didn't turn from the fierceness of his great wrath, with which his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocation with which Manasseh had provoked him.
  27. Yahweh said, "I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and I will cast off this city which I have chosen, even Jerusalem, and the house of which I said, 'My name shall be there.'"
  28. Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, aren't they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
  29. In his days Pharaoh Necoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and [Pharaoh Necoh] killed him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.
  30. His servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own tomb. The people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's place.
  31. Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
  32. He did that which was evil in the sight of Yahweh, according to all that his fathers had done.
  33. Pharaoh Necoh put him in bonds at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of one hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.
  34. Pharaoh Necoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and changed his name to Jehoiakim: but he took Jehoahaz away; and he came to Egypt, and died there.
  35. Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of everyone according to his taxation, to give it to Pharaoh Necoh.
  36. Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
  37. He did that which was evil in the sight of Yahweh, according to all that his fathers had done.
2 Kings 23 Text (Hebrew)
  1. וישלח המלך ויאספו אליו כל־זקני יהודה וירושלם׃
  2. ויעל המלך בית־יהוה וכל־איש יהודה וכל־ישבי ירושלם אתו והכהנים והנביאים וכל־העם למקטן ועד־גדול ויקרא באזניהם את־כל־דברי ספר הברית הנמצא בבית יהוה׃
  3. ויעמד המלך על־העמוד ויכרת את־הברית לפני יהוה ללכת אחר יהוה ולשמר מצותיו ואת־עדותיו ואת־חקתיו בכל־לב ובכל־נפש להקים את־דברי הברית הזאת הכתבים על־הספר הזה ויעמד כל־העם בברית׃
  4. ויצו המלך את־חלקיהו הכהן הגדול ואת־כהני המשנה ואת־שמרי הסף להוציא מהיכל יהוה את כל־הכלים העשוים לבעל ולאשרה ולכל צבא השמים וישרפם מחוץ לירושלם בשדמות קדרון ונשא את־עפרם בית־אל׃
  5. והשבית את־הכמרים אשר נתנו מלכי יהודה ויקטר בבמות בערי יהודה ומסבי ירושלם ואת־המקטרים לבעל לשמש ולירח ולמזלות ולכל צבא השמים׃
  6. ויצא את־האשרה מבית יהוה מחוץ לירושלם אל־נחל קדרון וישרף אתה בנחל קדרון וידק לעפר וישלך את־עפרה על־קבר בני העם׃
  7. ויתץ את־בתי הקדשים אשר בבית יהוה אשר הנשים ארגות שם בתים לאשרה׃
  8. ויבא את־כל־הכהנים מערי יהודה ויטמא את־הבמות אשר קטרו־שמה הכהנים מגבע עד־באר שבע ונתץ את־במות השערים אשר־פתח שער יהושע שר־העיר אשר־על־שמאול איש בשער העיר׃
  9. אך לא יעלו כהני הבמות אל־מזבח יהוה בירושלם כי אם־אכלו מצות בתוך אחיהם׃
  10. וטמא את־התפת אשר בגי ־הנם לבלתי להעביר איש את־בנו ואת־בתו באש למלך׃
  11. וישבת את־הסוסים אשר נתנו מלכי יהודה לשמש מבא בית־יהוה אל־לשכת נתן־מלך הסריס אשר בפרורים ואת־מרכבות השמש שרף באש׃
  12. ואת־המזבחות אשר על־הגג עלית אחז אשר־עשו מלכי יהודה ואת־המזבחות אשר־עשה מנשה בשתי חצרות בית־יהוה נתץ המלך וירץ משם והשליך את־עפרם אל־נחל קדרון׃
  13. ואת־הבמות אשר על־פני ירושלם אשר מימין להר־המשחית אשר בנה שלמה מלך־ישראל לעשתרת שקץ צידנים ולכמוש שקץ מואב ולמלכם תועבת בני־עמון טמא המלך׃
  14. ושבר את־המצבות ויכרת את־האשרים וימלא את־מקוםם עצמות אדם׃
  15. וגם את־המזבח אשר בבית־אל הבמה אשר עשה ירבעם בן־נבט אשר החטיא את־ישראל גם את־המזבח ההוא ואת־הבמה נתץ וישרף את־הבמה הדק לעפר ושרף אשרה׃
  16. ויפן יאשיהו וירא את־הקברים אשר־שם בהר וישלח ויקח את־העצמות מן־הקברים וישרף על־המזבח ויטמאהו כדבר יהוה אשר קרא איש האלהים אשר קרא את־הדברים האלה׃
  17. ויאמר מה הציון הלז אשר אני ראה ויאמרו אליו אנשי העיר הקבר איש־האלהים אשר־בא מיהודה ויקרא את־הדברים האלה אשר עשית על המזבח בית־אל׃
  18. ויאמר הניחו לו איש אל־ינע עצמתיו וימלטו עצמתיו את עצמות הנביא אשר־בא משמרון׃
  19. וגם את־כל־בתי הבמות אשר בערי שמרון אשר עשו מלכי ישראל להכעיס הסיר יאשיהו ויעש להם ככל־המעשים אשר עשה בבית־אל׃
  20. ויזבח את־כל־כהני הבמות אשר־שם על־המזבחות וישרף את־עצמות אדם עליהם וישב ירושלם׃
  21. ויצו המלך את־כל־העם לאמר עשו פסח ליהוה אלהיכם ככתוב על ספר הברית הזה׃
  22. כי לא נעשה כפסח הזה מימי השפטים אשר שפטו את־ישראל וכל ימי מלכי ישראל ומלכי יהודה׃
  23. כי אם־בשמנה עשרה שנה למלך יאשיהו נעשה הפסח הזה ליהוה בירושלם׃
  24. וגם את־האבות ואת־הידענים ואת־התרפים ואת־הגללים ואת כל־השקצים אשר נראו בארץ יהודה ובירושלם בער יאשיהו למען הקים את־דברי התורה הכתבים על־הספר אשר מצא חלקיהו הכהן בית יהוה׃
  25. וכמהו לא־היה לפניו מלך אשר־שב אל־יהוה בכל־לבבו ובכל־נפשו ובכל־מאדו ככל תורת משה ואחריו לא־קם כמהו׃
  26. אך לא־שב יהוה מחרון אפו הגדול אשר־חרה אפו ביהודה על כל־הכעסים אשר הכעיסו מנשה׃
  27. ויאמר יהוה גם את־יהודה אסיר מעל פני כאשר הסרתי את־ישראל ומאסתי את־העיר הזאת אשר־בחרתי את־ירושלם ואת־הבית אשר אמרתי יהיה שמי שם׃
  28. ויתר דברי יאשיהו וכל־אשר עשה הלא־הם כתובים על־ספר דברי הימים למלכי יהודה׃
  29. בימיו עלה פרעה נכה מלך־מצרים על־מלך אשור על־נהר־פרת וילך המלך יאשיהו לקראתו וימיתהו במגדו כראתו אתו׃
  30. וירכבהו עבדיו מת ממגדו ויבאהו ירושלם ויקברהו בקברתו ויקח עם־הארץ את־יהואחז בן־יאשיהו וימשחו אתו וימליכו אתו תחת אביו׃ ף
  31. בן־עשרים ושלש שנה יהואחז במלכו ושלשה חדשים מלך בירושלם ושם אמו חמוטל בת־ירמיהו מלבנה׃
  32. ויעש הרע בעיני יהוה ככל אשר־עשו אבתיו׃
  33. ויאסרהו פרעה נכה ברבלה בארץ חמת בירושלם ויתן־ענש על־הארץ מאה ככר־כסף וככר זהב׃
  34. וימלך פרעה נכה את־אליקים בן־יאשיהו תחת יאשיהו אביו ויסב את־שמו יהויקים ואת־יהואחז לקח ויבא מצרים וימת שם׃
  35. והכסף והזהב נתן יהויקים לפרעה אך העריך את־הארץ לתת את־הכסף על־פי פרעה איש כערכו נגש את־הכסף ואת־הזהב את־עם הארץ לתת לפרעה נכה׃ ס
  36. בן־עשרים וחמש שנה יהויקים במלכו ואחת עשרה שנה מלך בירושלם ושם אמו בת־פדיה מן־רומה׃
  37. ויעש הרע בעיני יהוה ככל אשר־עשו אבתיו׃
2 Kings 23 Text (Greek)
  1. και απεστειλεν ο βασιλευς και συνηγαγεν προς εαυτον παντας τους πρεσβυτερους ιουδα και
  2. και ανεβη ο βασιλευς εις οικον κυριου και πας ανηρ ιουδα και παντες οι κατοικουντες εν ιερουσαλημ μετ' αυτου και οι ιερεις και οι προφηται και πας ο λαος απο μικρου και εως μεγαλου και ανεγνω εν ωσιν αυτων παντας τους λογους του βιβλιου της διαθηκης του ευρεθεντος εν οικω
  3. και εστη ο βασιλευς προς τον στυλον και διεθετο διαθηκην ενωπιον κυριου του πορευεσθαι οπισω κυριου και του φυλασσειν τας εντολας αυτου και τα μαρτυρια αυτου και τα δικαιωματα αυτου εν παση καρδια και εν παση ψυχη του αναστησαι τους λογους της διαθηκης ταυτης τα γεγραμμενα επι το βιβλιον τουτο και εστη πας ο λαος εν τη
  4. και ενετειλατο ο βασιλευς τω χελκια τω ιερει τω μεγαλω και τοις ιερευσιν της δευτερωσεως και τοις φυλασσουσιν τον σταθμον του εξαγαγειν εκ του ναου κυριου παντα τα σκευη τα πεποιημενα τω βααλ και τω αλσει και παση τη δυναμει του ουρανου και κατεκαυσεν αυτα εξω ιερουσαλημ εν σαδημωθ κεδρων και ελαβεν τον χουν αυτων εις
  5. και κατεπαυσεν τους χωμαριμ ους εδωκαν βασιλεις ιουδα και εθυμιων εν τοις υψηλοις και εν ταις πολεσιν ιουδα και τοις περικυκλω ιερουσαλημ και τους θυμιωντας τω βααλ και τω ηλιω και τη σεληνη και τοις μαζουρωθ και παση τη δυναμει του
  6. και εξηνεγκεν το αλσος εξ οικου κυριου εξωθεν ιερουσαλημ εις τον χειμαρρουν κεδρων και κατεκαυσεν αυτον εν τω χειμαρρω κεδρων και ελεπτυνεν εις χουν και ερριψεν τον χουν αυτου εις τον ταφον των υιων του
  7. και καθειλεν τον οικον των καδησιμ των εν τω οικω κυριου ου αι γυναικες υφαινον εκει χεττιιν τω
  8. και ανηγαγεν παντας τους ιερεις εκ πολεων ιουδα και εμιανεν τα υψηλα ου εθυμιασαν εκει οι ιερεις απο γαβαα και εως βηρσαβεε και καθειλεν τον οικον των πυλων τον παρα την θυραν της πυλης ιησου αρχοντος της πολεως των εξ αριστερων ανδρος εν τη πυλη της
  9. πλην ουκ ανεβησαν οι ιερεις των υψηλων προς το θυσιαστηριον κυριου εν ιερουσαλημ οτι ει μη εφαγον αζυμα εν μεσω των αδελφων
  10. και εμιανεν τον ταφεθ τον εν φαραγγι υιου εννομ του διαγειν ανδρα τον υιον αυτου και ανδρα την θυγατερα αυτου τω μολοχ εν
  11. και κατεπαυσεν τους ιππους ους εδωκαν βασιλεις ιουδα τω ηλιω εν τη εισοδω οικου κυριου εις το γαζοφυλακιον ναθαν βασιλεως του ευνουχου εν φαρουριμ και το αρμα του ηλιου κατεκαυσεν
  12. και τα θυσιαστηρια τα επι του δωματος του υπερωου αχαζ α εποιησαν βασιλεις ιουδα και τα θυσιαστηρια α εποιησεν μανασσης εν ταις δυσιν αυλαις οικου κυριου και καθειλεν ο βασιλευς και κατεσπασεν εκειθεν και ερριψεν τον χουν αυτων εις τον χειμαρρουν
  13. και τον οικον τον επι προσωπον ιερουσαλημ τον εκ δεξιων του ορους του μοσοαθ ον ωκοδομησεν σαλωμων βασιλευς ισραηλ τη ασταρτη προσοχθισματι σιδωνιων και τω χαμως προσοχθισματι μωαβ και τω μολχολ βδελυγματι υιων αμμων εμιανεν ο
  14. και συνετριψεν τας στηλας και εξωλεθρευσεν τα αλση και επλησεν τους τοπους αυτων οστεων
  15. και γε το θυσιαστηριον το εν βαιθηλ το υψηλον ο εποιησεν ιεροβοαμ υιος ναβατ ος εξημαρτεν τον ισραηλ και γε το θυσιαστηριον εκεινο και το υψηλον κατεσπασεν και συνετριψεν τους λιθους αυτου και ελεπτυνεν εις χουν και κατεκαυσεν το
  16. και εξενευσεν ιωσιας και ειδεν τους ταφους τους οντας εκει εν τη πολει και απεστειλεν και ελαβεν τα οστα εκ των ταφων και κατεκαυσεν επι το θυσιαστηριον και εμιανεν αυτο κατα το ρημα κυριου ο ελαλησεν ο ανθρωπος του θεου εν τω εσταναι ιεροβοαμ εν τη εορτη επι το θυσιαστηριον και επιστρεψας ηρεν τους οφθαλμους αυτου επι τον ταφον του ανθρωπου του θεου του λαλησαντος τους λογους
  17. και ειπεν τι το σκοπελον εκεινο ο εγω ορω και ειπον αυτω οι ανδρες της πολεως ο ανθρωπος του θεου εστιν ο εξεληλυθως εξ ιουδα και επικαλεσαμενος τους λογους τουτους ους επεκαλεσατο επι το θυσιαστηριον
  18. και ειπεν αφετε αυτο ανηρ μη κινησατω τα οστα αυτου και ερρυσθησαν τα οστα αυτου μετα των οστων του προφητου του ηκοντος εκ
  19. και γε εις παντας τους οικους των υψηλων τους εν ταις πολεσιν σαμαρειας ους εποιησαν βασιλεις ισραηλ παροργιζειν κυριον απεστησεν ιωσιας και εποιησεν εν αυτοις παντα τα εργα α εποιησεν εν
  20. και εθυσιασεν παντας τους ιερεις των υψηλων τους οντας εκει επι των θυσιαστηριων και κατεκαυσεν τα οστα των ανθρωπων επ' αυτα και επεστραφη εις
  21. και ενετειλατο ο βασιλευς παντι τω λαω λεγων ποιησατε το πασχα τω κυριω θεω ημων καθως γεγραπται επι βιβλιου της διαθηκης
  22. οτι ουκ εγενηθη το πασχα τουτο αφ' ημερων των κριτων οι εκρινον τον ισραηλ και πασας τας ημερας βασιλεων ισραηλ και βασιλεων
  23. οτι αλλ' η τω οκτωκαιδεκατω ετει του βασιλεως ιωσια εγενηθη το πασχα τω κυριω εν
  24. και γε τους θελητας και τους γνωριστας και τα θεραφιν και τα ειδωλα και παντα τα προσοχθισματα τα γεγονοτα εν γη ιουδα και εν ιερουσαλημ εξηρεν ο βασιλευς ιωσιας ινα στηση τους λογους του νομου τους γεγραμμενους επι του βιβλιου ου ευρεν χελκιας ο ιερευς εν οικω
  25. ομοιος αυτω ουκ εγενηθη εμπροσθεν αυτου βασιλευς ος επεστρεψεν προς κυριον εν ολη καρδια αυτου και εν ολη ψυχη αυτου και εν ολη ισχυι αυτου κατα παντα τον νομον μωυση και μετ' αυτον ουκ ανεστη ομοιος
  26. πλην ουκ απεστραφη κυριος απο θυμου οργης αυτου του μεγαλου ου εθυμωθη οργη αυτου εν τω ιουδα επι τους παροργισμους ους παρωργισεν αυτον
  27. και ειπεν κυριος και γε τον ιουδαν αποστησω απο του προσωπου μου καθως απεστησα τον ισραηλ και απωσομαι την πολιν ταυτην ην εξελεξαμην την ιερουσαλημ και τον οικον ου ειπον εσται το ονομα μου
  28. και τα λοιπα των λογων ιωσιου και παντα οσα εποιησεν ουχι ταυτα γεγραμμενα επι βιβλιω λογων των ημερων τοις βασιλευσιν
  29. εν δε ταις ημεραις αυτου ανεβη φαραω νεχαω βασιλευς αιγυπτου επι βασιλεα ασσυριων επι ποταμον ευφρατην και επορευθη ιωσιας εις απαντην αυτου και εθανατωσεν αυτον νεχαω εν μαγεδδω εν τω ιδειν
  30. και επεβιβασαν αυτον οι παιδες αυτου νεκρον εκ μαγεδδω και ηγαγον αυτον εις ιερουσαλημ και εθαψαν αυτον εν τω ταφω αυτου εν πολει δαυιδ και ελαβεν ο λαος της γης τον ιωαχας υιον ιωσιου και εχρισαν αυτον και εβασιλευσαν αυτον αντι του πατρος
  31. υιος εικοσι και τριων ετων ην ιωαχας εν τω βασιλευειν αυτον και τριμηνον εβασιλευσεν εν ιερουσαλημ και ονομα τη μητρι αυτου αμιταλ θυγατηρ ιερεμιου εκ
  32. και εποιησεν το πονηρον εν οφθαλμοις κυριου κατα παντα οσα εποιησαν οι πατερες
  33. και μετεστησεν αυτον φαραω νεχαω εν δεβλαθα εν γη εμαθ του μη βασιλευειν εν ιερουσαλημ και εδωκεν ζημιαν επι την γην εκατον ταλαντα αργυριου και εκατον ταλαντα
  34. και εβασιλευσεν φαραω νεχαω επ' αυτους τον ελιακιμ υιον ιωσιου βασιλεως ιουδα αντι ιωσιου του πατρος αυτου και επεστρεψεν το ονομα αυτου ιωακιμ και τον ιωαχας ελαβεν και εισηνεγκεν εις αιγυπτον και απεθανεν
  35. και το αργυριον και το χρυσιον εδωκεν ιωακιμ τω φαραω πλην ετιμογραφησεν την γην του δουναι το αργυριον επι στοματος φαραω ανηρ κατα την συντιμησιν αυτου εδωκαν το αργυριον και το χρυσιον μετα του λαου της γης δουναι τω φαραω
  36. υιος εικοσι και πεντε ετων ιωακιμ εν τω βασιλευειν αυτον και ενδεκα ετη εβασιλευσεν εν ιερουσαλημ και ονομα τη μητρι αυτου ιελδαφ θυγατηρ φεδεια εκ
  37. και εποιησεν το πονηρον εν οφθαλμοις κυριου κατα παντα οσα εποιησαν οι πατερες
2 Kings 23 Text (Latin)
  1. Et renuntiaverunt regi quod dixerat. Qui misit : et congregati sunt ad eum omnes senes Juda et Jerusalem.
  2. Ascenditque rex templum Domini, et omnes viri Juda, universique qui habitabant in Jerusalem cum eo sacerdotes et prophetæ, et omnis populus a parvo usque ad magnum : legitque, cunctis audientibus, omnia verba libri fœderis, qui inventus est in domo Domini.
  3. Stetitque rex super gradum : et fœdus percussit coram Domino, ut ambularent post Dominum, et custodirent præcepta ejus, et testimonia, et cæremonias in omni corde, et in tota anima, et suscitarent verba fœderis hujus, quæ scripta erant in libro illo : acquievitque populus pacto.
  4. Et præcepit rex Helciæ pontifici, et sacerdotibus secundi ordinis, et janitoribus, ut projicerent de templo Domini omnia vasa, quæ facta fuerant Baal, et in luco, et universæ militiæ cæli : et combussit ea foris Jerusalem in convalle Cedron, et tulit pulverem eorum in Bethel.
  5. Et delevit aruspices, quos posuerant reges Juda ad sacrificandum in excelsis per civitates Juda, et in circuitu Jerusalem : et eos, qui adolebant incensum Baal, et soli, et lunæ, et duodecim signis, et omni militiæ cæli.
  6. Et efferri fecit lucum de domo Domini foras Jerusalem in convalle Cedron, et combussit eum ibi, et redegit in pulverem, et projecit super sepulchra vulgi.
  7. Destruxit quoque ædiculas effeminatorum, quæ erant in domo Domini, pro quibus mulieres texebant quasi domunculas luci.
  8. Congregavitque omnes sacerdotes de civitatibus Juda : et contaminavit excelsa, ubi sacrificabant sacerdotes de Gabaa usque Bersabee : et destruxit aras portarum in introitu ostii Josue principis civitatis, quod erat ad sinistram portæ civitatis.
  9. Verumtamen non ascendebant sacerdotes excelsorum ad altare Domini in Jerusalem : sed tantum comedebant azyma in medio fratrum suorum.
  10. Contaminavit quoque Topheth, quod est in convalle filii Ennom : ut nemo consecraret filium suum aut filiam per ignem, Moloch.
  11. Abstulit quoque equos, quos dederant reges Juda soli, in introitu templi Domini juxta exedram Nathanmelech eunuchi, qui erat in Pharurim : currus autem solis combussit igni.
  12. Altaria quoque, quæ erant super tecta cœnaculi Achaz, quæ fecerant reges Juda, et altaria quæ fecerat Manasses in duobus atriis templi Domini, destruxit rex, et cucurrit inde, et dispersit cinerem eorum in torrentem Cedron.
  13. Excelsa quoque, quæ erant in Jerusalem ad dexteram partem montis offensionis, quæ ædificaverat Salomon rex Israël Astaroth idolo Sidoniorum, et Chamos offensioni Moab, et Melchom abominationi filiorum Ammon, polluit rex.
  14. Et contrivit statuas, et succidit lucos : replevitque loca eorum ossibus mortuorum.
  15. Insuper et altare, quod erat in Bethel, et excelsum, quod fecerat Jeroboam filius Nabat, qui peccare fecit Israël : et altare illud, et excelsum destruxit, atque combussit, et comminuit in pulverem, succenditque etiam lucum.
  16. Et conversus Josias, vidit ibi sepulchra, quæ erant in monte : misitque et tulit ossa de sepulchris, et combussit ea super altare, et polluit illud juxta verbum Domini, quod locutus est vir Dei, qui prædixerat verba hæc.
  17. Et ait : Quis est titulus ille, quem video ? Responderuntque ei cives urbis illius : Sepulchrum est hominis Dei, qui venit de Juda, et prædixit verba hæc, quæ fecisti super altare Bethel.
  18. Et ait : Dimitte eum, nemo commoveat ossa ejus. Et intacta manserunt ossa illius cum ossibus prophetæ, qui venerat de Samaria.
  19. Insuper et omnia fana excelsorum, quæ erant in civitatibus Samariæ, quæ fecerant reges Israël ad irritandum Dominum, abstulit Josias : et fecit eis secundum omnia opera quæ fecerat in Bethel.
  20. Et occidit universos sacerdotes excelsorum, qui erant ibi super altaria : et combussit ossa humana super ea : reversusque est Jerusalem.
  21. Et præcepit omni populo, dicens : Facite Phase Domino Deo vestro, secundum quod scriptum est in libro fœderis hujus.
  22. Nec enim factum est Phase tale a diebus judicum, qui judicaverunt Israël, et omnium dierum regum Israël, et regum Juda,
  23. sicut in octavodecimo anno regis Josiæ factum est Phase istud Domino in Jerusalem.
  24. Sed et pythones, et ariolos, et figuras idolorum, et immunditias, et abominationes, quæ fuerant in terra Juda et Jerusalem, abstulit Josias : ut statueret verba legis, quæ scipta sunt in libro, quem invenit Helcias sacerdos in templo Domini.
  25. Similis illi non fuit ante eum rex, qui reverteretur ad Dominum in omni corde suo, et in tota anima sua, et in universa virtute sua juxta omnem legem Moysi : neque post eum surrexit similis illi.
  26. Verumtamen non est aversus Dominus ab ira furoris sui magni, quo iratus est furor ejus contra Judam : propter irritationes, quibus provocaverat eum Manasses.
  27. Dixit itaque Dominus : Etiam Judam auferam a facie mea, sicut abstuli Israël : et projiciam civitatem hanc, quam elegi Jerusalem, et domum, de qua dixi : Erit nomen meum ibi.
  28. Reliqua autem sermonum Josiæ, et universa quæ fecit, nonne hæc scripta sunt in libro verborum dierum regum Juda ?
  29. In diebus ejus ascendit Pharao Nechao rex Ægypti, contra regem Assyriorum ad flumen Euphraten : et abiit Josias rex in occursum ejus : et occisus est in Mageddo, cum vidisset eum.
  30. Et portaverunt eum servi sui mortuum de Mageddo : et pertulerunt in Jerusalem, et sepelierunt eum in sepulchro suo. Tulitque populus terræ Joachaz filium Josiæ : et unxerunt eum, et constituerunt eum regem pro patre suo.
  31. Viginti trium annorum erat Joachaz cum regnare cœpisset, et tribus mensibus regnavit in Jerusalem : nomen matris ejus Amital, filia Jeremiæ, de Lobna.
  32. Et fecit malum coram Domino, juxta omnia quæ fecerant patres ejus.
  33. Vinxitque eum Pharao Nechao in Rebla, quæ est in terra Emath, ne regnaret in Jerusalem : et imposuit mulctam terræ centum talentis argenti, et talento auri.
  34. Regemque constituit Pharao Nechao Eliacim filium Josiæ pro Josia patre ejus : vertitque nomen ejus Joakim. Porro Joachaz tulit, et duxit in Ægyptum, et mortuus est ibi.
  35. Argentum autem et aurum dedit Joakim Pharaoni, cum indixisset terræ per singulos, ut conferretur juxta præceptum Pharaonis : et unumquemque juxta vires suas exegit, tam argentum quam aurum de populo terræ : ut daret Pharaoni Nechao.
  36. Viginti quinque annorum erat Joakim cum regnare cœpisset : et undecim annis regnavit in Jerusalem : nomen matris ejus Zebida filia Phadaia de Ruma.
  37. Et fecit malum coram Domino juxta omnia quæ fecerant patres ejus.
2 Kings 23 Text (KJV)
  1. And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem.
  2. And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the LORD.
  3. And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.
  4. And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes of them unto Bethel.
  5. And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
  6. And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
  7. And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.
  8. And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beer-sheba, and brake down the high places of the gates that were in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city.
  9. Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren.
  10. And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
  11. And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
  12. And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
  13. And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile.
  14. And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men.
  15. Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, and stamped it small to powder, and burned the grove.
  16. And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that were there in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burned them upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words.
  17. Then he said, What title is that that I see? And the men of the city told him, It is the sepulchre of the man of God, which came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the altar of Bethel.
  18. And he said, Let him alone; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria.
  19. And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel.
  20. And he slew all the priests of the high places that were there upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem.
  21. And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.
  22. Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;
  23. But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was holden to the LORD in Jerusalem.
  24. Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
  25. And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.
  26. Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him withal.
  27. And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.
  28. Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
  29. In his days Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.
  30. And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
  31. Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
  32. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.
  33. And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.
  34. And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.
  35. And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-nechoh.
  36. Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
  37. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.
2 Kings 23
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SERMONS, ESSAYS AND OPINIONS
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Verses

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Commentary

2 Kings, chapter 23, recounts the story of King Josiah renewing the Sinai covenant, with the people agreeing to be obedient to the laws God gave Moses. Josiah brought about the end of pagan religions in the southern kingdom of Judah, centralizing worship in Jerusalem.

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