1 Samuel 8

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1 Samuel 8 - Versions
1 Samuel 8 Text (WEB)
  1. It happened, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
  2. Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah: they were judges in Beersheba.
  3. His sons didn't walk in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted justice.
  4. Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel to Ramah;
  5. and they said to him, "Behold, you are old, and your sons don't walk in your ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations."
  6. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, "Give us a king to judge us." Samuel prayed to Yahweh.
  7. Yahweh said to Samuel, "Listen to the voice of the people in all that they tell you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me, that I should not be king over them.
  8. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, in that they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also to you.
  9. Now therefore listen to their voice: however you shall protest solemnly to them, and shall show them the way of the king who shall reign over them."
  10. Samuel told all the words of Yahweh to the people who asked of him a king.
  11. He said, "This will be the way of the king who shall reign over you: he will take your sons, and appoint them to him, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and they shall run before his chariots;
  12. and he will appoint them to him for captains of thousands, and captains of fifties; and [he will set some] to plow his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and the instruments of his chariots.
  13. He will take your daughters to be perfumers, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
  14. He will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive groves, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
  15. He will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
  16. He will take your male servants, and your female servants, and your best young men, and your donkeys, and put them to his work.
  17. He will take the tenth of your flocks: and you shall be his servants.
  18. You shall cry out in that day because of your king whom you shall have chosen you; and Yahweh will not answer you in that day."
  19. But the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel; and they said, "No; but we will have a king over us,
  20. that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles."
  21. Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of Yahweh.
  22. Yahweh said to Samuel, "Listen to their voice, and make them a king." Samuel said to the men of Israel, "Every man go to his city."
1 Samuel 8 Text (Hebrew)
  1. ויהי כאשר זקן שמואל וישם את־בניו שפטים לישראל׃
  2. ויהי שם־בנו הבכור יואל ושם משנהו אביה שפטים בבאר שבע׃
  3. ולא־הלכו בניו ויטו אחרי הבצע ויקחו־שחד ויטו משפט׃ ף
  4. ויתקבצו כל זקני ישראל ויבאו אל־שמואל הרמתה׃
  5. ויאמרו אליו הנה אתה זקנת ובניך לא הלכו בדרכיך עתה שימה־לנו מלך לשפטנו ככל־הגוים׃
  6. וירע הדבר בעיני שמואל כאשר אמרו תנה־לנו מלך לשפטנו ויתפלל שמואל אל־יהוה׃ ף
  7. ויאמר יהוה אל־שמואל שמע בקול העם לכל אשר־יאמרו אליך כי לא אתך מאסו כי־אתי מאסו ממלך עליהם׃
  8. ככל־המעשים אשר־עשו מיום העלתי אתם ממצרים ועד־היום הזה ויעזבני ויעבדו אלהים אחרים כן המה עשים גם־לך׃
  9. ועתה שמע בקולם אך כי־העד תעיד בהם והגדת להם משפט המלך אשר ימלך עליהם׃ ס
  10. ויאמר שמואל את כל־דברי יהוה אל־העם השאלים מאתו מלך׃ ס
  11. ויאמר זה יהיה משפט המלך אשר ימלך עליכם את־בניכם יקח ושם לו במרכבתו ובפרשיו ורצו לפני מרכבתו׃
  12. ולשום לו שרי אלפים ושרי חמשים ולחרש חרישו ולקצר קצירו ולעשות כלי־מלחמתו וכלי רכבו׃
  13. ואת־בנותיכם יקח לרקחות ולטבחות ולאפות׃
  14. ואת־שדותיכם ואת־כרמיכם וזיתיכם הטובים יקח ונתן לעבדיו׃
  15. וזרעיכם וכרמיכם יעשר ונתן לסריסיו ולעבדיו׃
  16. ואת־עבדיכם ואת־שפחותיכם ואת־בחוריכם הטובים ואת־חמוריכם יקח ועשה למלאכתו׃
  17. צאנכם יעשר ואתם תהיו־לו לעבדים׃
  18. וזעקתם ביום ההוא מלפני מלככם אשר בחרתם לכם ולא־יענה יהוה אתכם ביום ההוא׃
  19. וימאנו העם לשמע בקול שמואל ויאמרו לא כי אם־מלך יהיה עלינו׃
  20. והיינו גם־אנחנו ככל־הגוים ושפטנו מלכנו ויצא לפנינו ונלחם את־מלחמתנו׃
  21. וישמע שמואל את כל־דברי העם וידברם באזני יהוה׃ ף
  22. ויאמר יהוה אל־שמואל שמע בקולם והמלכת להם מלך ויאמר שמואל אל־אנשי ישראל לכו איש לעירו׃ ף
1 Samuel 8 Text (Greek)
  1. και εγενετο ως εγηρασεν σαμουηλ και κατεστησεν τους υιους αυτου δικαστας τω
  2. και ταυτα τα ονοματα των υιων αυτου πρωτοτοκος ιωηλ και ονομα του δευτερου αβια δικασται εν
  3. και ουκ επορευθησαν οι υιοι αυτου εν οδω αυτου και εξεκλιναν οπισω της συντελειας και ελαμβανον δωρα και εξεκλινον
  4. και συναθροιζονται ανδρες ισραηλ και παραγινονται εις αρμαθαιμ προς
  5. και ειπαν αυτω ιδου συ γεγηρακας και οι υιοι σου ου πορευονται εν τη οδω σου και νυν καταστησον εφ' ημας βασιλεα δικαζειν ημας καθα και τα λοιπα
  6. και ην πονηρον το ρημα εν οφθαλμοις σαμουηλ ως ειπαν δος ημιν βασιλεα δικαζειν ημας και προσηυξατο σαμουηλ προς
  7. και ειπεν κυριος προς σαμουηλ ακουε της φωνης του λαου καθα αν λαλησωσιν σοι οτι ου σε εξουθενηκασιν αλλ' η εμε εξουδενωκασιν του μη βασιλευειν επ'
  8. κατα παντα τα ποιηματα α εποιησαν μοι αφ' ης ημερας ανηγαγον αυτους εξ αιγυπτου εως της ημερας ταυτης και εγκατελιπον με και εδουλευον θεοις ετεροις ουτως αυτοι ποιουσιν και
  9. και νυν ακουε της φωνης αυτων πλην οτι διαμαρτυρομενος διαμαρτυρη αυτοις και απαγγελεις αυτοις το δικαιωμα του βασιλεως ος βασιλευσει επ'
  10. και ειπεν σαμουηλ παν το ρημα κυριου προς τον λαον τους αιτουντας παρ' αυτου
  11. και ειπεν τουτο εσται το δικαιωμα του βασιλεως ος βασιλευσει εφ' υμας τους υιους υμων λημψεται και θησεται αυτους εν αρμασιν αυτου και ιππευσιν αυτου και προτρεχοντας των αρματων
  12. και θεσθαι αυτους εαυτω χιλιαρχους και εκατονταρχους και θεριζειν θερισμον αυτου και τρυγαν τρυγητον αυτου και ποιειν σκευη πολεμικα αυτου και σκευη αρματων
  13. και τας θυγατερας υμων λημψεται εις μυρεψους και εις μαγειρισσας και εις
  14. και τους αγρους υμων και τους αμπελωνας υμων και τους ελαιωνας υμων τους αγαθους λημψεται και δωσει τοις δουλοις
  15. και τα σπερματα υμων και τους αμπελωνας υμων αποδεκατωσει και δωσει τοις ευνουχοις αυτου και τοις δουλοις
  16. και τους δουλους υμων και τας δουλας υμων και τα βουκολια υμων τα αγαθα και τους ονους υμων λημψεται και αποδεκατωσει εις τα εργα
  17. και τα ποιμνια υμων αποδεκατωσει και υμεις εσεσθε αυτω
  18. και βοησεσθε εν τη ημερα εκεινη εκ προσωπου βασιλεως υμων ου εξελεξασθε εαυτοις και ουκ επακουσεται κυριος υμων εν ταις ημεραις εκειναις οτι υμεις εξελεξασθε εαυτοις
  19. και ουκ ηβουλετο ο λαος ακουσαι του σαμουηλ και ειπαν αυτω ουχι αλλ' η βασιλευς εσται εφ'
  20. και εσομεθα και ημεις κατα παντα τα εθνη και δικασει ημας βασιλευς ημων και εξελευσεται εμπροσθεν ημων και πολεμησει τον πολεμον
  21. και ηκουσεν σαμουηλ παντας τους λογους του λαου και ελαλησεν αυτους εις τα ωτα
  22. και ειπεν κυριος προς σαμουηλ ακουε της φωνης αυτων και βασιλευσον αυτοις βασιλεα και ειπεν σαμουηλ προς ανδρας ισραηλ αποτρεχετω εκαστος εις την πολιν
1 Samuel 8 Text (Latin)
  1. Factum est autem cum senuisset Samuel, posuit filios suos judices Israël.
  2. Fuitque nomen filii ejus primogeniti Joël : et nomen secundi Abia, judicum in Bersabee.
  3. Et non ambulaverunt filii illius in viis ejus : sed declinaverunt post avaritiam, acceperuntque munera, et perverterunt judicium.
  4. Congregati ergo universi majores natu Israël, venerunt ad Samuelem in Ramatha.
  5. Dixeruntque ei : Ecce tu senuisti, et filii tui non ambulant in viis tuis : constitue nobis regem, ut judicet nos, sicut et universæ habent nationes.
  6. Displicuit sermo in oculis Samuelis, eo quod dixissent : Da nobis regem, ut judicet nos. Et oravit Samuel ad Dominum.
  7. Dixit autem Dominus ad Samuelem : Audi vocem populi in omnibus quæ loquuntur tibi : non enim te abjecerunt, sed me, ne regnem super eos.
  8. Juxta omnia opera sua, quæ fecerunt a die qua eduxi eos de Ægypto usque ad diem hanc : sicut dereliquerunt me, et servierunt diis alienis, sic faciunt etiam tibi.
  9. Nunc ergo vocem eorum audi : verumtamen contestare eos, et prædic eis jus regis, qui regnaturus est super eos.
  10. Dixit itaque Samuel omnia verba Domini ad populum, qui petierat a se regem.
  11. Et ait : Hoc erit jus regis, qui imperaturus est vobis : Filios vestros tollet, et ponet in curribus suis, facietque sibi equites et præcursores quadrigarum suarum,
  12. et constituet sibi tribunos, et centuriones, et aratores agrorum suorum, et messores segetum, et fabros armorum et curruum suorum.
  13. Filias quoque vestras faciet sibi unguentarias, et focarias, et panificas.
  14. Agros quoque vestros, et vineas, et oliveta optima tollet, et dabit servis suis.
  15. Sed et segetes vestras et vinearum reditus addecimabit, ut det eunuchis et famulis suis.
  16. Servos etiam vestros, et ancillas, et juvenes optimos, et asinos auferet, et ponet in opere suo.
  17. Greges quoque vestros addecimabit, vosque eritis ei servi.
  18. Et clamabitis in die illa a facie regis vestri, quem elegistis vobis : et non exaudiet vos Dominus in die illa, quia petistis vobis regem.
  19. Noluit autem populus audire vocem Samuelis, sed dixerunt : Nequaquam : rex enim erit super nos,
  20. et erimus nos quoque sicut omnes gentes : et judicabit nos rex noster, et egredietur ante nos, et pugnabit bella nostra pro nobis.
  21. Et audivit Samuel omnia verba populi, et locutus est ea in auribus Domini.
  22. Dixit autem Dominus ad Samuelem : Audi vocem eorum, et constitue super eos regem. Et ait Samuel ad viros Israël : Vadat unusquisque in civitatem suam.
1 Samuel 8 Text (KJV)
  1. And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
  2. Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beer-sheba.
  3. And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
  4. Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,
  5. And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
  6. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
  7. And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
  8. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
  9. Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
  10. And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.
  11. And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
  12. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
  13. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
  14. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
  15. And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
  16. And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.
  17. He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.
  18. And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.
  19. Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;
  20. That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
  21. And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.
  22. And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.
1 Samuel 8
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SERMONS, ESSAYS AND OPINIONS
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