1 Samuel 20

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1 Samuel 20 - Versions
1 Samuel 20 Text (WEB)
  1. David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my iniquity? What is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?"
  2. He said to him, "Far from it; you shall not die. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small, but that he discloses it to me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so."
  3. David swore moreover, and said, "Your father knows well that I have found favor in your eyes; and he says, 'Don't let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved:' but truly as Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death."
  4. Then Jonathan said to David, "Whatever your soul desires, I will even do it for you."
  5. David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to dine with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field to the third day at evening.
  6. If your father miss me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city; for it is the yearly sacrifice there for all the family.'
  7. If he says, 'It is well;' your servant shall have peace: but if he be angry, then know that evil is determined by him.
  8. Therefore deal kindly with your servant; for you have brought your servant into a covenant of Yahweh with you: but if there be in me iniquity, kill me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father?"
  9. Jonathan said, "Far be it from you; for if I should at all know that evil were determined by my father to come on you, then wouldn't I tell you that?"
  10. Then David said to Jonathan, "Who shall tell me if perchance your father answers you roughly?"
  11. Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." They both went out into the field.
  12. Jonathan said to David, "Yahweh, the God of Israel, [be witness]: when I have sounded my father about this time tomorrow, [or] the third day, behold, if there be good toward David, shall I not then send to you, and disclose it to you?
  13. Yahweh do so to Jonathan, and more also, should it please my father to do you evil, if I don't disclose it to you, and send you away, that you may go in peace: and Yahweh be with you, as he has been with my father.
  14. You shall not only while yet I live show me the loving kindness of Yahweh, that I not die;
  15. but also you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever; no, not when Yahweh has cut off the enemies of David everyone from the surface of the earth."
  16. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "Yahweh will require it at the hand of David's enemies."
  17. Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
  18. Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon: and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
  19. When you have stayed three days, you shall go down quickly, and come to the place where you did hide yourself when the business was in hand, and shall remain by the stone Ezel.
  20. I will shoot three arrows on its side, as though I shot at a mark.
  21. Behold, I will send the boy, saying, 'Go, find the arrows!' If I tell the boy, 'Behold, the arrows are on this side of you. Take them;' then come; for there is peace to you and no hurt, as Yahweh lives.
  22. But if I say this to the boy, 'Behold, the arrows are beyond you;' then go your way; for Yahweh has sent you away.
  23. Concerning the matter which you and I have spoken of, behold, Yahweh is between you and me forever."
  24. So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat food.
  25. The king sat on his seat, as at other times, even on the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul's side: but David's place was empty.
  26. Nevertheless Saul didn't say anything that day: for he thought, "Something has happened to him. He is not clean. Surely he is not clean."
  27. It happened on the next day after the new moon, the second day, that David's place was empty. Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why doesn't the son of Jesse come to eat, neither yesterday, nor today?"
  28. Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem.
  29. He said, 'Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city. My brother has commanded me to be there. Now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me go away and see my brothers.' Therefore he has not come to the king's table."
  30. Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse rebellious woman, don't I know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?
  31. For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Therefore now send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die!"
  32. Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"
  33. Saul cast his spear at him to strike him. By this Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death.
  34. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
  35. It happened in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little boy with him.
  36. He said to his boy, "Run, find now the arrows which I shoot." As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
  37. When the boy was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the boy, and said, "Isn't the arrow beyond you?"
  38. Jonathan cried after the boy, "Go fast! Hurry! Don't delay!" Jonathan's boy gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
  39. But the boy didn't know anything. Only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
  40. Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy, and said to him, "Go, carry them to the city."
  41. As soon as the boy was gone, David arose out of [a place] toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times. They kissed one another, and wept one with another, and David wept the most.
  42. Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, because we have both sworn in the name of Yahweh, saying, 'Yahweh shall be between me and you, and between my seed and your seed, forever.'" He arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Samuel 20 Text (Hebrew)
  1. ויברח דוד ברמה ויבא ויאמר לפני יהונתן מה עשיתי מה־עוני ומה־חטאתי לפני אביך כי מבקש את־נפשי׃
  2. ויאמר לו חלילה לא תמות הנה ־ אבי דבר גדול או דבר קטן ולא יגלה את־אזני ומדוע יסתיר אבי ממני את־הדבר הזה אין זאת׃
  3. וישבע עוד דוד ויאמר ידע ידע אביך כי־מצאתי חן בעיניך ויאמר אל־ידע־זאת יהונתן פן־יעצב ואולם חי־יהוה וחי נפשך כי כפשע ביני ובין המות׃
  4. ויאמר יהונתן אל־דוד מה־תאמר נפשך ואעשה־לך׃ ף
  5. ויאמר דוד אל־יהונתן הנה־חדש מחר ואנכי ישב־אשב עם־המלך לאכול ושלחתני ונסתרתי בשדה עד הערב השלשית׃
  6. אם־פקד יפקדני אביך ואמרת נשאל נשאל ממני דוד לרוץ בית־לחם עירו כי זבח הימים שם לכל־המשפחה׃
  7. אם־כה יאמר טוב שלום לעבדך ואם־חרה יחרה לו דע כי־כלתה הרעה מעמו׃
  8. ועשית חסד על־עבדך כי בברית יהוה הבאת את־עבדך עמך ואם־יש־בי עון המיתני אתה ועד־אביך למה־זה תביאני׃ ף
  9. ויאמר יהונתן חלילה לך כי אם־ידע אדע כי־כלתה הרעה מעם אבי לבוא עליך ולא אתה אגיד לך׃ ס
  10. ויאמר דוד אל־יהונתן מי יגיד לי או מה־יענך אביך קשה׃ ס
  11. ויאמר יהונתן אל־דוד לכה ונצא השדה ויצאו שניהם השדה׃ ס
  12. ויאמר יהונתן אל־דוד יהוה אלהי ישראל כי־אחקר את־אבי כעת מחר השלשית והנה־טוב אל־דוד ולא־אז אשלח אליך וגליתי את־אזנך׃
  13. כה־יעשה יהוה ליהונתן וכה יסיף כי־ייטב אל־אבי את־הרעה עליך וגליתי את־אזנך ושלחתיך והלכת לשלום ויהי יהוה עמך כאשר היה עם־אבי׃
  14. ולא אם־עודני חי ולא־תעשה עמדי חסד יהוה ולא אמות׃
  15. ולא־תכרת את־חסדך מעם ביתי עד־עולם ולא בהכרת יהוה את־איבי דוד איש מעל פני האדמה׃
  16. ויכרת יהונתן עם־בית דוד ובקש יהוה מיד איבי דוד׃
  17. ויוסף יהונתן להשביע את־דוד באהבתו אתו כי־אהבת נפשו אהבו׃ ס
  18. ויאמר־לו יהונתן מחר חדש ונפקדת כי יפקד מושבך׃
  19. ושלשת תרד מאד ובאת אל־המקום אשר־נסתרת שם ביום המעשה וישבת אצל האבן האזל׃
  20. ואני שלשת החצים צדה אורה לשלח־לי למטרה׃
  21. והנה אשלח את־הנער לך מצא את־החצים אם־אמר אמר לנער הנה החצים ממך והנה קחנו ובאה כי־שלום לך ואין דבר חי־יהוה׃
  22. ואם־כה אמר לעלם הנה החצים ממך והלאה לך כי שלחך יהוה׃
  23. והדבר אשר דברנו אני ואתה הנה יהוה ביני ובינך עד־עולם׃ ס
  24. ויסתר דוד בשדה ויהי החדש וישב המלך ־הלחם לאכול׃
  25. וישב המלך על־מושבו כפעם בפעם אל־מושב הקיר ויקם יהונתן וישב אבנר מצד שאול ויפקד מקום דוד׃
  26. ולא־דבר שאול מאומה ביום ההוא כי אמר מקרה הוא בלתי טהור הוא כי־לא טהור׃ ס
  27. ויהי ממחרת החדש השני ויפקד מקום דוד ס ויאמר שאול אל־יהונתן בנו מדוע לא־בא בן־ישי גם־תמול גם־היום אל־הלחם׃
  28. ויען יהונתן את־שאול נשאל נשאל דוד מעמדי עד־בית לחם׃
  29. ויאמר שלחני נא כי זבח משפחה לנו בעיר והוא צוה־לי אחי ועתה אם־מצאתי חן בעיניך אמלטה נא ואראה את־אחי על־כן לא־בא אל־שלחן המלך׃ ס
  30. ויחר־אף שאול ביהונתן ויאמר לו בן־נעות המרדות הלוא ידעתי כי־בחר אתה לבן־ישי לבשתך ולבשת ערות אמך׃
  31. כי כל־הימים אשר בן־ישי חי על־האדמה לא תכון אתה ומלכותך ועתה שלח וקח אתו אלי כי בן־מות הוא׃ ס
  32. ויען יהונתן את־שאול אביו ויאמר אליו למה יומת מה עשה׃
  33. ויטל שאול את־החנית עליו להכתו וידע יהונתן כי־כלה היא מעם אביו להמית את־דוד׃ ס
  34. ויקם יהונתן מעם השלחן בחרי־אף ולא־אכל ביום־החדש השני לחם כי נעצב אל־דוד כי הכלמו אביו׃ ס
  35. ויהי בבקר ויצא יהונתן השדה למועד דוד ונער קטן עמו׃
  36. ויאמר לנערו רץ מצא נא את־החצים אשר אנכי מורה הנער רץ והוא־ירה החצי להעברו׃
  37. ויבא הנער עד־מקום החצי אשר ירה יהונתן ויקרא יהונתן אחרי הנער ויאמר הלוא החצי ממך והלאה׃
  38. ויקרא יהונתן אחרי הנער מהרה חושה אל־תעמד וילקט נער יהונתן את־ ויבא אל־אדניו׃
  39. והנער לא־ידע מאומה אך יהונתן ודוד ידעו את־הדבר׃
  40. ויתן יהונתן את־כליו אל־הנער אשר־לו ויאמר לו לך הביא העיר׃
  41. הנער בא ודוד קם מאצל הנגב ויפל לאפיו ארצה וישתחו שלש פעמים וישקו איש את־רעהו ויבכו איש את־רעהו עד־דוד הגדיל׃
  42. ויקם וילך ויהונתן בא העיר׃
1 Samuel 20 Text (Greek)
  1. και απεδρα δαυιδ εκ ναυαθ εν ραμα και ερχεται ενωπιον ιωναθαν και ειπεν τι πεποιηκα και τι το αδικημα μου και τι ημαρτηκα ενωπιον του πατρος σου οτι επιζητει την ψυχην
  2. και ειπεν αυτω ιωναθαν μηδαμως σοι ου μη αποθανης ιδου ου μη ποιηση ο πατηρ μου ρημα μεγα η μικρον και ουκ αποκαλυψει το ωτιον μου και τι οτι κρυψει ο πατηρ μου το ρημα τουτο ουκ εστιν
  3. και απεκριθη δαυιδ τω ιωναθαν και ειπεν γινωσκων οιδεν ο πατηρ σου οτι ευρηκα χαριν εν οφθαλμοις σου και ειπεν μη γνωτω τουτο ιωναθαν μη ου βουληται αλλα ζη κυριος και ζη η ψυχη σου οτι καθως ειπον εμπεπλησται ανα μεσον μου και του
  4. και ειπεν ιωναθαν προς δαυιδ τι επιθυμει η ψυχη σου και τι ποιησω
  5. και ειπεν δαυιδ προς ιωναθαν ιδου δη νεομηνια αυριον και εγω καθισας ου καθησομαι μετα του βασιλεως φαγειν και εξαποστελεις με και κρυβησομαι εν τω πεδιω εως
  6. εαν επισκεπτομενος επισκεψηται με ο πατηρ σου και ερεις παραιτουμενος παρητησατο απ' εμου δαυιδ δραμειν εως εις βηθλεεμ την πολιν αυτου οτι θυσια των ημερων εκει ολη τη
  7. εαν ταδε ειπη αγαθως ειρηνη τω δουλω σου και εαν σκληρως αποκριθη σοι γνωθι οτι συντετελεσται η κακια παρ'
  8. και ποιησεις ελεος μετα του δουλου σου οτι εισηγαγες εις διαθηκην κυριου τον δουλον σου μετα σεαυτου και ει εστιν αδικια εν τω δουλω σου θανατωσον με συ και εως του πατρος σου ινα τι ουτως εισαγεις
  9. και ειπεν ιωναθαν μηδαμως σοι οτι εαν γινωσκων γνω οτι συντετελεσται η κακια παρα του πατρος μου του ελθειν επι σε και εαν μη εις τας πολεις σου εγω απαγγελω
  10. και ειπεν δαυιδ προς ιωναθαν τις απαγγελει μοι εαν αποκριθη ο πατηρ σου
  11. και ειπεν ιωναθαν προς δαυιδ πορευου και μενε εις αγρον και εκπορευονται αμφοτεροι εις
  12. και ειπεν ιωναθαν προς δαυιδ κυριος ο θεος ισραηλ οιδεν οτι ανακρινω τον πατερα μου ως αν ο καιρος τρισσως και ιδου αγαθον η περι δαυιδ και ου μη αποστειλω προς σε εις
  13. ταδε ποιησαι ο θεος τω ιωναθαν και ταδε προσθειη οτι ανοισω τα κακα επι σε και αποκαλυψω το ωτιον σου και εξαποστελω σε και απελευση εις ειρηνην και εσται κυριος μετα σου καθως ην μετα του πατρος
  14. και μεν ετι μου ζωντος και ποιησεις ελεος μετ' εμου και εαν θανατω
  15. ουκ εξαρεις ελεος σου απο του οικου μου εως του αιωνος και ει μη εν τω εξαιρειν κυριον τους εχθρους δαυιδ εκαστον απο προσωπου της
  16. εξαρθηναι το ονομα του ιωναθαν απο του οικου δαυιδ και εκζητησαι κυριος εχθρους του
  17. και προσεθετο ετι ιωναθαν ομοσαι τω δαυιδ οτι ηγαπησεν ψυχην αγαπωντος
  18. και ειπεν ιωναθαν αυριον νουμηνια και επισκεπηση οτι επισκεπησεται καθεδρα
  19. και τρισσευσεις και επισκεψη και ηξεις εις τον τοπον σου ου εκρυβης εν τη ημερα τη εργασιμη και καθηση παρα το εργαβ
  20. και εγω τρισσευσω ταις σχιζαις ακοντιζων εκπεμπων εις την
  21. και ιδου αποστελω το παιδαριον λεγων δευρο ευρε μοι την σχιζαν εαν ειπω λεγων τω παιδαριω ωδε η σχιζα απο σου και ωδε λαβε αυτην παραγινου οτι ειρηνη σοι και ουκ εστιν λογος ζη
  22. εαν ταδε ειπω τω νεανισκω ωδε η σχιζα απο σου και επεκεινα πορευου οτι εξαπεσταλκεν σε
  23. και το ρημα ο ελαλησαμεν εγω και συ ιδου κυριος μαρτυς ανα μεσον εμου και σου εως
  24. και κρυπτεται δαυιδ εν αγρω και παραγινεται ο μην και ερχεται ο βασιλευς επι την τραπεζαν του
  25. και εκαθισεν ο βασιλευς επι την καθεδραν αυτου ως απαξ και απαξ επι της καθεδρας παρα τοιχον και προεφθασεν τον ιωναθαν και εκαθισεν αβεννηρ εκ πλαγιων σαουλ και επεσκεπη ο τοπος
  26. και ουκ ελαλησεν σαουλ ουδεν εν τη ημερα εκεινη οτι ειπεν συμπτωμα φαινεται μη καθαρος ειναι οτι ου
  27. και εγενηθη τη επαυριον του μηνος τη ημερα τη δευτερα και επεσκεπη ο τοπος του δαυιδ και ειπεν σαουλ προς ιωναθαν τον υιον αυτου τι οτι ου παραγεγονεν ο υιος ιεσσαι και εχθες και σημερον επι την
  28. και απεκριθη ιωναθαν τω σαουλ και ειπεν αυτω παρητηται δαυιδ παρ' εμου εως εις βηθλεεμ την πολιν αυτου
  29. και ειπεν εξαποστειλον δη με οτι θυσια της φυλης ημιν εν τη πολει και ενετειλαντο προς με οι αδελφοι μου και νυν ει ευρηκα χαριν εν οφθαλμοις σου διασωθησομαι δη και οψομαι τους αδελφους μου δια τουτο ου παραγεγονεν επι την τραπεζαν του
  30. και εθυμωθη οργη σαουλ επι ιωναθαν σφοδρα και ειπεν αυτω υιε κορασιων αυτομολουντων ου γαρ οιδα οτι μετοχος ει συ τω υιω ιεσσαι εις αισχυνην σου και εις αισχυνην αποκαλυψεως μητρος
  31. οτι πασας τας ημερας ας ο υιος ιεσσαι ζη επι της γης ουχ ετοιμασθησεται η βασιλεια σου νυν ουν αποστειλας λαβε τον νεανιαν οτι υιος θανατου
  32. και απεκριθη ιωναθαν τω σαουλ ινα τι αποθνησκει τι
  33. και επηρεν σαουλ το δορυ επι ιωναθαν του θανατωσαι αυτον και εγνω ιωναθαν οτι συντετελεσται η κακια αυτη παρα του πατρος αυτου θανατωσαι τον
  34. και ανεπηδησεν ιωναθαν απο της τραπεζης εν οργη θυμου και ουκ εφαγεν εν τη δευτερα του μηνος αρτον οτι εθραυσθη επι τον δαυιδ οτι συνετελεσεν επ' αυτον ο πατηρ
  35. και εγενηθη πρωι και εξηλθεν ιωναθαν εις αγρον καθως εταξατο εις το μαρτυριον δαυιδ και παιδαριον μικρον μετ'
  36. και ειπεν τω παιδαριω δραμε ευρε μοι τας σχιζας εν αις εγω ακοντιζω και το παιδαριον εδραμε και αυτος ηκοντιζε τη σχιζη και παρηγαγεν
  37. και ηλθεν το παιδαριον εως του τοπου της σχιζης ου ηκοντιζεν ιωναθαν και ανεβοησεν ιωναθαν οπισω του νεανιου και ειπεν εκει η σχιζα απο σου και
  38. και ανεβοησεν ιωναθαν οπισω του παιδαριου αυτου λεγων ταχυνας σπευσον και μη στης και ανελεξεν το παιδαριον ιωναθαν τας σχιζας προς τον κυριον
  39. και το παιδαριον ουκ εγνω ουθεν παρεξ ιωναθαν και δαυιδ εγνωσαν το
  40. και ιωναθαν εδωκεν τα σκευη αυτου επι το παιδαριον αυτου και ειπεν τω παιδαριω αυτου πορευου εισελθε εις την
  41. και ως εισηλθεν το παιδαριον και δαυιδ ανεστη απο του εργαβ και επεσεν επι προσωπον αυτου και προσεκυνησεν αυτω τρις και κατεφιλησεν εκαστος τον πλησιον αυτου και εκλαυσεν εκαστος τω πλησιον αυτου εως συντελειας
  42. και ανεστη δαυιδ και απηλθεν και ιωναθαν εισηλθεν εις την
1 Samuel 20 Text (Latin)
  1. Fugit autem David de Najoth, quæ est in Ramatha, veniensque locutus est coram Jonatha : Quid feci ? quæ est iniquitas mea, et quod peccatum meum in patrem tuum, quia quærit animam meam ?
  2. Qui dixit ei : Absit, non morieris : neque enim faciet pater meus quidquam grande vel parvum, nisi prius indicaverit mihi : hunc ergo celavit me pater meus sermonem tantummodo ? nequaquam erit istud.
  3. Et juravit rursum Davidi. Et ille ait : Scit profecto pater tuus quia inveni gratiam in oculis tuis, et dicet : Nesciat hoc Jonathas, ne forte tristetur. Quinimmo vivit Dominus, et vivit anima tua, quia uno tantum (ut ita dicam) gradu, ego morsque dividimur.
  4. Et ait Jonathas ad David : Quodcumque dixerit mihi anima tua, faciam tibi.
  5. Dixit autem David ad Jonathan : Ecce calendæ sunt crastino, et ego ex more sedere soleo juxta regem ad vescendum : dimitte ergo me ut abscondar in agro usque ad vesperam diei tertiæ.
  6. Si respiciens requisierit me pater tuus, respondebis ei : Rogavit me David, ut iret celeriter in Bethlehem civitatem suam, quia victimæ solemnes ibi sunt universis contribulibus suis.
  7. Si dixerit : Bene : pax erit servo tuo. Si autem fuerit iratus, scito quia completa est malitia ejus.
  8. Fac ergo misericordiam in servum tuum : quia fœdus Domini me famulum tuum tecum inire fecisti ; si autem est iniquitas aliqua in me, tu me interfice, et ad patrem tuum ne introducas me.
  9. Et ait Jonathas : Absit hoc a te : neque enim fieri potest, ut si certe cognovero completam esse patris mei malitiam contra te, non annuntiem tibi.
  10. Responditque David ad Jonathan : Quis renuntiabit mihi, si quid forte responderit tibi pater tuus dure de me ?
  11. Et ait Jonathas ad David : Veni, et egrediamur foras in agrum. Cumque exissent ambo in agrum,
  12. ait Jonathas ad David : Domine Deus Israël, si investigavero sententiam patris mei crastino vel perendie, et aliquid boni fuerit super David, et non statim misero ad te, et notum tibi fecero,
  13. hæc faciat Dominus Jonathæ, et hæc addat. Si autem perseveraverit patris mei malitia adversum te, revelabo aurem tuam, et dimittam te, ut vadas in pace, et sit Dominus tecum, sicut fuit cum patre meo.
  14. Et si vixero, facies mihi misericordiam Domini : si vero mortuus fuero,
  15. non auferes misericordiam tuam a domo mea usque in sempiternum, quando eradicaverit Dominus inimicos David, unumquemque de terra : auferat Jonathan de domo sua, et requirat Dominus de manu inimicorum David.
  16. Pepigit ergo Jonathas fœdus cum domo David : et requisivit Dominus de manu inimicorum David.
  17. Et addidit Jonathas dejerare David, eo quod diligeret illum : sicut enim animam suam, ita diligebat eum.
  18. Dixitque ad eum Jonathas : Cras calendæ sunt, et requireris :
  19. requiretur enim sessio tua usque perendie. Descendes ergo festinus, et venies in locum ubi celandus es in die qua operari licet, et sedebis juxta lapidem, cui nomen est Ezel.
  20. Et ego tres sagittas mittam juxta eum, et jaciam quasi exercens me ad signum.
  21. Mittam quoque et puerum, dicens ei : Vade, et affer mihi sagittas.
  22. Si dixero puero : Ecce sagittæ intra te sunt, tolle eas : tu veni ad me, quia pax tibi est, et nihil est mali, vivit Dominus. Si autem sic locutus fuero puero : Ecce sagittæ ultra te sunt : vade in pace, quia dimisit te Dominus.
  23. De verbo autem quod locuti sumus ego et tu, sit Dominus inter me et te usque in sempiternum.
  24. Absconditus est ergo David in agro, et venerunt calendæ, et sedit rex ad comedendum panem.
  25. Cumque sedisset rex super cathedram suam (secundum consuetudinem) quæ erat juxta parietem, surrexit Jonathas, et sedit Abner ex latere Saul, vacuusque apparuit locus David.
  26. Et non est locutus Saul quidquam in die illa : cogitabat enim quod forte evenisset ei, ut non esset mundus, nec purificatus.
  27. Cumque illuxisset dies secunda post calendas, rursus apparuit vacuus locus David. Dixitque Saul ad Jonatham filium suum : Cur non venit filius Isai, nec heri, nec hodie ad vescendum ?
  28. Responditque Jonathas Sauli : Rogavit me obnixe ut iret in Bethlehem,
  29. et ait : Dimitte me, quoniam sacrificium solemne est in civitate, unus de fratribus meis accersivit me : nunc ergo si inveni gratiam in oculis tuis, vadam cito, et videbo fratres meos. Ob hanc causam non venit ad mensam regis.
  30. Iratus autem Saul adversum Jonathan, dixit ei : Fili mulieris virum ultro rapientis, numquid ignoro quia diligis filium Isai in confusionem tuam, et in confusionem ignominiosæ matris tuæ ?
  31. Omnibus enim diebus, quibus filius Isai vixerit super terram, non stabilieris tu, neque regnum tuum. Itaque jam nunc mitte, et adduc eum ad me : quia filius mortis est.
  32. Respondens autem Jonathas Sauli patri suo, ait : Quare morietur ? quid fecit ?
  33. Et arripuit Saul lanceam ut percuteret eum. Et intellexit Jonathas quod definitum esset a patre suo, ut interficeret David.
  34. Surrexit ergo Jonathas a mensa in ira furoris, et non comedit in die calendarum secunda panem. Contristatus est enim super David, eo quod confudisset eum pater suus.
  35. Cumque illuxisset mane, venit Jonathas in agrum juxta placitum David, et puer parvulus cum eo,
  36. et ait ad puerum suum : Vade, et affer mihi sagittas, quas ego jacio. Cumque puer cucurrisset, jecit aliam sagittam trans puerum.
  37. Venit itaque puer ad locum jaculi, quod miserat Jonathas : et clamavit Jonathas post tergum pueri, et ait : Ecce ibi est sagitta porro ultra te.
  38. Clamavitque iterum Jonathas post tergum pueri, dicens : Festina velociter, ne steteris. Collegit autem puer Jonathæ sagittas, et attulit ad dominum suum :
  39. et quid ageretur, penitus ignorabat : tantummodo enim Jonathas et David rem noverant.
  40. Dedit ergo Jonathas arma sua puero, et dixit ei : Vade, et defer in civitatem.
  41. Cumque abiisset puer, surrexit David de loco qui vergebat ad austrum, et cadens pronus in terram, adoravit tertio : et osculantes se alterutrum, fleverunt pariter, David autem amplius.
  42. Dixit ergo Jonathas ad David : Vade in pace : quæcumque juravimus ambo in nomine Domini, dicentes : Dominus sit inter me et te, et inter semen meum et semen tuum usque in sempiternum.
1 Samuel 20 Text (KJV)
  1. And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
  2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
  3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
  4. Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.
  5. And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
  6. If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
  7. If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
  8. Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
  9. And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?
  10. Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?
  11. And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
  12. And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;
  13. The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father.
  14. And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not:
  15. But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.
  16. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.
  17. And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
  18. Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
  19. And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
  20. And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.
  21. And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the LORD liveth.
  22. But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.
  23. And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.
  24. So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
  25. And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty.
  26. Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.
  27. And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
  28. And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:
  29. And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.
  30. Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?
  31. For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
  32. And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
  33. And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
  34. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
  35. And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.
  36. And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
  37. And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?
  38. And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
  39. But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
  40. And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
  41. And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
  42. And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Samuel 20
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