| 1 Samuel 17 - Versions
| 1 Samuel 17 Text (WEB)
- Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle; and they were gathered together at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
- Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and encamped in the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
- The Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
- There went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
- He had a helmet of brass on his head, and he was clad with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
- He had brass shin armor on his legs, and a javelin of brass between his shoulders.
- The staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head [weighed] six hundred shekels of iron: and his shield bearer went before him.
- He stood and cried to the armies of Israel, and said to them, "Why have you come out to set your battle in array? Am I not a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
- If he be able to fight with me, and kill me, then will we be your servants; but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then you will be our servants, and serve us."
- The Philistine said, "I defy the armies of Israel this day! Give me a man, that we may fight together!"
- When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
- Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man was an old man in the days of Saul, stricken [in years] among men.
- The three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
- David was the youngest; and the three eldest followed Saul.
- Now David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
- The Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
- Jesse said to David his son, "Now take for your brothers an ephah of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry [them] quickly to the camp to your brothers;
- and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news."
- Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
- David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the place of the wagons, as the army which was going forth to the fight shouted for the battle.
- Israel and the Philistines put the battle in array, army against army.
- David left his baggage in the hand of the keeper of the baggage, and ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
- As he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the ranks of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words: and David heard them.
- All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were terrified.
- The men of Israel said, "Have you seen this man who is come up? He has surely come up to defy Israel. It shall be, that the man who kills him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel."
- David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, "What shall be done to the man who kills this Philistine, and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"
- The people answered him in this way, saying, "So shall it be done to the man who kills him."
- Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why have you come down? With whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the naughtiness of your heart; for you have come down that you might see the battle."
- David said, "What have I now done? Is there not a cause?"
- He turned away from him toward another, and spoke like that again; and the people answered him again the same way.
- When the words were heard which David spoke, they rehearsed them before Saul; and he sent for him.
- David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine."
- Saul said to David, "You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth."
- David said to Saul, "Your servant was keeping his father's sheep; and when a lion or a bear came, and took a lamb out of the flock,
- I went out after him, and struck him, and rescued it out of his mouth. When he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and struck him, and killed him.
- Your servant struck both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, since he has defied the armies of the living God."
- David said, "Yahweh who delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine." Saul said to David, "Go; and Yahweh shall be with you."
- Saul dressed David with his clothing. He put a helmet of brass on his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.
- David strapped his sword on his clothing, and he tried to move; for he had not tested it. David said to Saul, "I can't go with these; for I have not tested them." David took them off.
- He took his staff in his hand, and chose for himself five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet. His sling was in his hand; and he drew near to the Philistine.
- The Philistine came on and drew near to David; and the man who bore the shield went before him.
- When the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him; for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and withal of a fair face.
- The Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?" The Philistine cursed David by his gods.
- The Philistine said to David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the sky, and to the animals of the field."
- Then David said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a javelin: but I come to you in the name of Yahweh of Armies, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
- Today, Yahweh will deliver you into my hand. I will strike you, and take your head from off you. I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky, and to the wild animals of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,
- and that all this assembly may know that Yahweh doesn't save with sword and spear: for the battle is Yahweh's, and he will give you into our hand."
- It happened, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
- David put his hand in his bag, took a stone, and slung it, and struck the Philistine in his forehead; and the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
- So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine, and killed him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
- Then David ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of its sheath, and killed him, and cut off his head therewith. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
- The men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until you come to Gai, and to the gates of Ekron. The wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath, and to Ekron.
- The children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they plundered their camp.
- David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armor in his tent.
- When Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the army, "Abner, whose son is this youth?" Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I can't tell."
- The king said, "Inquire whose son the young man is!"
- As David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
- Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, you young man?" David answered, "I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite."
| 1 Samuel 17 Text (Hebrew)
- ויאספו פלשתים את־מחניהם למלחמה ויאספו שכה אשר ליהודה ויחנו בין־שוכה ובין־עזקה באפס דמים׃
- ושאול ואיש־ישראל נאספו ויחנו בעמק האלה ויערכו מלחמה לקראת פלשתים׃
- ופלשתים עמדים אל־ההר מזה וישראל עמדים אל־ההר מזה והגיא ביניהם׃
- ויצא איש־הבנים ממחנות פלשתים גלית שמו מגת גבהו שש אמות וזרת׃
- וכובע נחשת על־ראשו ושריון קשקשים הוא לבוש ומשקל השריון חמשת־אלפים שקלים נחשת׃
- ומצחת נחשת על־רגליו וכידון נחשת בין כתפיו׃
- חניתו כמנור ארגים ולהבת חניתו שש־מאות שקלים ברזל ונשא הצנה הלך לפניו׃
- ויעמד ויקרא אל־מערכת ישראל ויאמר להם למה תצאו לערך מלחמה הלוא אנכי הפלשתי ואתם עבדים לשאול ברו־לכם איש וירד אלי׃
- אם־יוכל להלחם אתי והכני והיינו לכם לעבדים ואם־אני אוכל־לו והכיתיו והייתם לנו לעבדים ועבדתם אתנו׃
- ויאמר הפלשתי אני חרפתי את־מערכות ישראל היום הזה תנו־לי איש ונלחמה יחד׃
- וישמע שאול וכל־ישראל את־דברי הפלשתי האלה ויחתו ויראו מאד׃ ף
- ודוד בן־איש אפרתי הזה מבית לחם יהודה ושמו ישי ולו שמנה בנים והאיש בימי שאול זקן בא באנשים׃
- וילכו שלשת בני־ישי הגדלים הלכו אחרי־שאול למלחמה ושם שלשת בניו אשר הלכו במלחמה אליאב הבכור ומשנהו אבינדב והשלשי שמה׃
- ודוד הוא הקטן ושלשה הגדלים הלכו אחרי שאול׃ ס
- ודוד הלך ושב מעל שאול לרעות את־צאן אביו בית־לחם׃
- ויגש הפלשתי השכם והערב ויתיצב ארבעים יום׃ ף
- ויאמר ישי לדוד בנו קח־נא לאחיך איפת הקליא הזה ועשרה לחם הזה והרץ המחנה לאחיך׃
- ואת עשרת חרצי החלב האלה תביא לשר־האלף ואת־אחיך תפקד לשלום ואת־ערבתם תקח׃
- ושאול והמה וכל־איש ישראל בעמק האלה נלחמים עם־פלשתים׃
- וישכם דוד בבקר ויטש את־הצאן על־שמר וישא וילך כאשר צוהו ישי ויבא המעגלה והחיל היצא אל־המערכה והרעו במלחמה׃
- ותערך ישראל ופלשתים מערכה לקראת מערכה׃
- ויטש דוד את־הכלים מעליו על־יד שומר הכלים וירץ המערכה ויבא וישאל לאחיו לשלום׃
- והוא מדבר עםם והנה איש הבנים עולה גלית הפלשתי שמו מגת פלשתים וידבר כדברים האלה וישמע דוד׃
- וכל איש ישראל בראותם את־האיש וינסו מפניו וייראו מאד׃
- ויאמר איש ישראל הראיתם האיש העלה הזה כי לחרף את־ישראל עלה והיה האיש אשר־יכנו יעשרנו המלך עשר גדול ואת־בתו יתן־לו ואת בית אביו יעשה חפשי בישראל׃
- ויאמר דוד אל־האנשים העמדים עמו לאמר מה־יעשה לאיש אשר יכה את־הפלשתי הלז והסיר חרפה מעל ישראל כי מי הפלשתי הערל הזה כי חרף מערכות אלהים חיים׃
- ויאמר לו העם כדבר הזה לאמר כה יעשה לאיש אשר יכנו׃
- וישמע אליאב אחיו הגדול בדברו אל־האנשים ויחר־אף אליאב בדוד ויאמר למה־זה ירדת ועל־מי נטשת מעט הצאן ההנה במדבר אני ידעתי את־זדנך ואת רע לבבך כי למען ראות המלחמה ירדת׃
- ויאמר דוד מה עשיתי עתה הלוא דבר הוא׃
- ויסב מאצלו אל־מול אחר ויאמר כדבר הזה וישבהו העם דבר כדבר הראשון׃
- וישמעו הדברים אשר דבר דוד ויגדו לפני־שאול ויקחהו׃
- ויאמר דוד אל־שאול אל־יפל לב־אדם עליו עבדך ילך ונלחם עם־הפלשתי הזה׃
- ויאמר שאול אל־דוד לא תוכל ללכת אל־הפלשתי הזה להלחם עמו כי־נער אתה והוא איש מלחמה מנעריו׃ ס
- ויאמר דוד אל־שאול רעה היה עבדך לאביו בצאן ובא הארי ואת־הדוב ונשא שה מהעדר׃
- ויצאתי אחריו והכתיו והצלתי מפיו ויקם עלי והחזקתי בזקנו והכתיו והמיתיו׃
- גם את־הארי גם־הדוב הכה עבדך והיה הפלשתי הערל הזה כאחד מהם כי חרף מערכת אלהים חיים׃ ס
- ויאמר דוד יהוה אשר הצלני מיד הארי ומיד הדב הוא יצילני מיד הפלשתי הזה ס ויאמר שאול אל־דוד לך ויהוה יהיה עמך׃
- וילבש שאול את־דוד מדיו ונתן קובע נחשת על־ראשו וילבש אתו שריון׃
- ויחגר דוד את־חרבו מעל למדיו ויאל ללכת כי לא־נסה ויאמר דוד אל־שאול לא אוכל ללכת באלה כי לא נסיתי ויסרם דוד מעליו׃
- ויקח מקלו בידו ויבחר־לו חמשה חלקי־אבנים מן־הנחל וישם אתם בכלי הרעים אשר־לו ובילקוט וקלעו בידו ויגש אל־הפלשתי׃
- וילך הפלשתי הלך וקרב אל־דוד והאיש נשא הצנה לפניו׃
- ויבט הפלשתי ויראה את־דוד ויבזהו כי־היה נער ואדמני עם־יפה מראה׃
- ויאמר הפלשתי אל־דוד הכלב אנכי כי־אתה בא־אלי במקלות ויקלל הפלשתי את־דוד באלהיו׃
- ויאמר הפלשתי אל־דוד לכה אלי ואתנה את־בשרך לעוף השמים ולבהמת השדה׃ ס
- ויאמר דוד אל־הפלשתי אתה בא אלי בחרב ובחנית ובכידון ואנכי בא־אליך בשם יהוה צבאות אלהי מערכות ישראל אשר חרפת׃
- היום הזה יסגרך יהוה בידי והכיתך והסרתי את־ראשך מעליך ונתתי פגר מחנה פלשתים היום הזה לעוף השמים ולחית הארץ וידעו כל־הארץ כי יש אלהים לישראל׃
- וידעו כל־הקהל הזה כי־לא בחרב ובחנית יהושיע יהוה כי ליהוה המלחמה ונתן אתכם בידנו׃
- והיה כי־קם הפלשתי וילך ויקרב לקראת דוד וימהר דוד וירץ המערכה לקראת הפלשתי׃
- וישלח דוד את־ידו אל־הכלי ויקח משם אבן ויקלע ויך את־הפלשתי אל־מצחו ותטבע האבן במצחו ויפל על־פניו ארצה׃
- ויחזק דוד מן־הפלשתי בקלע ובאבן ויך את־הפלשתי וימיתהו וחרב אין ביד־דוד׃
- וירץ דוד ויעמד אל־הפלשתי ויקח את־חרבו וישלפה מתערה וימתתהו ויכרת־בה את־ראשו ויראו הפלשתים כי־מת גבורם וינסו׃
- ויקמו אנשי ישראל ויהודה וירעו וירדפו את־הפלשתים עד־בואך גיא ועד שערי עקרון ויפלו חללי פלשתים בדרך שערים ועד־גת ועד־עקרון׃
- וישבו בני ישראל מדלק אחרי פלשתים וישסו את־מחניהם׃
- ויקח דוד את־ראש הפלשתי ויבאהו ירושלם ואת־כליו שם באהלו׃ ס
- וכראות שאול את־דוד יצא לקראת הפלשתי אמר אל־אבנר שר הצבא בן־מי־זה הנער אבנר ויאמר אבנר חי־נפשך המלך אם־ידעתי׃
- ויאמר המלך שאל אתה בן־מי־זה העלם׃ ס
- וכשוב דוד מהכות את־הפלשתי ויקח אתו אבנר ויבאהו לפני שאול וראש הפלשתי בידו׃
- ויאמר אליו שאול בן־מי אתה הנער ויאמר דוד בן־עבדך ישי בית הלחמי׃
| 1 Samuel 17 Text (Latin)
- Congregantes autem Philisthiim agmina sua in prælium, convenerunt in Socho Judæ : et castrametati sunt inter Socho et Azeca in finibus Dommim.
- Porro Saul et filii Israël congregati venerunt in Vallem terebinthi, et direxerunt aciem ad pugnandum contra Philisthiim.
- Et Philisthiim stabant super montem ex parte hac, et Israël stabat supra montem ex altera parte : vallisque erat inter eos.
- Et egressus est vir spurius de castris Philisthinorum nomine Goliath, de Geth, altitudinis sex cubitorum et palmi :
- et cassis ærea super caput ejus, et lorica squamata induebatur. Porro pondus loricæ ejus, quinque millia siclorum æris erat :
- et ocreas æreas habebat in cruribus : et clypeus æreus tegebat humeros ejus.
- Hastile autem hastæ ejus erat quasi liciatorium texentium : ipsum autem ferrum hastæ ejus sexcentos siclos habebat ferri : et armiger ejus antecedebat eum.
- Stansque clamabat adversum phalangas Israël, et dicebat eis : Quare venistis parati ad prælium ? Numquid ego non sum Philisthæus, et vos servi Saul ? Eligite ex vobis virum, et descendat ad singulare certamen.
- Si quiverit pugnare mecum, et percusserit me, erimus vobis servi : si autem ego prævaluero, et percussero eum, vos servi eritis, et servietis nobis.
- Et aiebat Philisthæus : Ego exprobravi agminibus Israël hodie : date mihi virum, et ineat mecum singulare certamen.
- Audiens autem Saul, et omnes Israëlitæ, sermones Philisthæi hujuscemodi, stupebant, et metuebant nimis.
- David autem erat filius viri Ephrathæi, de quo supra dictum est, de Bethlehem Juda, cui nomen erat Isai, qui habebat octo filios, et erat vir in diebus Saul senex, et grandævus inter viros.
- Abierunt autem tres filii ejus majores post Saul in prælium : et nomina trium filiorum ejus, qui perrexerunt ad bellum, Eliab primogenitus, et secundus Abinadab, tertiusque Samma.
- David autem erat minimus. Tribus ergo majoribus secutis Saulem,
- abiit David, et reversus est a Saul, ut pasceret gregem patris sui in Bethlehem.
- Procedebat vero Philisthæus mane et vespere, et stabat quadraginta diebus.
- Dixit autem Isai ad David filium suum : Accipe fratribus tuis ephi polentæ, et decem panes istos, et curre in castra ad fratres tuos,
- et decem formellas casei has deferes ad tribunum : et fratres tuos visitabis, si recte agant : et cum quibus ordinati sunt, disce.
- Saul autem, et illi, et omnes filii Israël, in Valle terebinthi pugnabant adversum Philisthiim.
- Surrexit itaque David mane, et commendavit gregem custodi : et onustus abiit, sicut præceperat ei Isai. Et venit ad locum Magala, et ad exercitum, qui egressus ad pugnam vociferatus erat in certamine.
- Direxerat enim aciem Israël, sed et Philisthiim ex adverso fuerant præparati.
- Derelinquens ergo David vasa quæ attulerat, sub manu custodis ad sarcinas, cucurrit ad locum certaminis, et interrogabat si omnia recte agerentur erga fratres suos.
- Cumque adhuc ille loqueretur eis, apparuit vir ille spurius ascendens, Goliath nomine Philisthæus, de Geth, de castris Philisthinorum : et loquente eo hæc eadem verba audivit David.
- Omnes autem Israëlitæ, cum vidissent virum, fugerunt a facie ejus, timentes eum valde.
- Et dixit unus quispiam de Israël : Num vidistis virum hunc, qui ascendit ? ad exprobrandum enim Israëli ascendit. Virum ergo, qui percusserit eum, ditabit rex divitiis magnis, et filiam suam dabit ei, et domum patris ejus faciet absque tributo in Israël.
- Et ait David ad viros, qui stabant secum, dicens : Quid dabitur viro, qui percusserit Philisthæum hunc, et tulerit opprobrium de Israël ? quis enim est hic Philisthæus incircumcisus, qui exprobravit acies Dei viventis ?
- Referebat autem ei populus eumdem sermonem, dicens : Hæc dabuntur viro, qui percusserit eum.
- Quod cum audisset Eliab frater ejus major, loquente eo cum aliis, iratus est contra David, et ait : Quare venisti, et quare dereliquisti pauculas oves illas in deserto ? Ego novi superbiam tuam, et nequitiam cordis tui : quia ut videres prælium, descendisti.
- Et dixit David : Quid feci ? numquid non verbum est ?
- Et declinavit paululum ab eo ad alium : dixitque eumdem sermonem. Et respondit ei populus verbum sicut prius.
- Audita sunt autem verba, quæ locutus est David, et annuntiata in conspectu Saul.
- Ad quem cum fuisset adductus, locutus est ei : Non concidat cor cujusquam in eo : ego servus tuus vadam, et pugnabo adversus Philisthæum.
- Et ait Saul ad David : Non vales resistere Philisthæo isti nec pugnare adversus eum : quia puer es, hic autem vir bellator est ab adolescentia sua.
- Dixitque David ad Saul : Pascebat servus tuus patris sui gregem, et veniebat leo, vel ursus, et tollebat arietem de medio gregis :
- et persequebar eos, et percutiebam, eruebamque de ore eorum : et illi consurgebant adversum me, et apprehendebam mentum eorum, et suffocabam, interficiebamque eos.
- Nam et leonem et ursum interfeci ego servus tuus : erit igitur et Philisthæus hic incircumcisus, quasi unus ex eis. Nunc vadam, et auferam opprobrium populi : quoniam quis est iste Philisthæus incircumcisus, qui ausus est maledicere exercitui Dei viventis ?
- Et ait David : Dominus qui eripuit me de manu leonis, et de manu ursi, ipse me liberabit de manu Philisthæi hujus. Dixit autem Saul ad David : Vade, et Dominus tecum sit.
- Et induit Saul David vestimentis suis, et imposuit galeam æream super caput ejus, et vestivit eum lorica.
- Accinctus ergo David gladio ejus super vestem suam, cœpit tentare si armatus posset incedere : non enim habebat consuetudinem. Dixitque David ad Saul : Non possum sic incedere, quia non usum habeo. Et deposuit ea,
- et tulit baculum suum, quem semper habebat in manibus : et elegit sibi quinque limpidissimos lapides de torrente, et misit eos in peram pastoralem, quam habebat secum, et fundam manu tulit : et processit adversum Philisthæum.
- Ibat autem Philisthæus incedens, et appropinquans adversum David, et armiger ejus ante eum.
- Cumque inspexisset Philisthæus, et vidisset David, despexit eum. Erat enim adolescens, rufus, et pulcher aspectu.
- Et dixit Philisthæus ad David : Numquid ego canis sum, quod tu venis ad me cum baculo ? Et maledixit Philisthæus David in diis suis :
- dixitque ad David : Veni ad me, et dabo carnes tuas volatilibus cæli et bestiis terræ.
- Dixit autem David ad Philisthæum : Tu venis ad me cum gladio, et hasta, et clypeo : ego autem venio ad te in nomine Domini exercituum, Dei agminum Israël, quibus exprobrasti
- hodie, et dabit te Dominus in manu mea, et percutiam te, et auferam caput tuum a te : et dabo cadavera castrorum Philisthiim hodie volatilibus cæli, et bestiis terræ : ut sciat omnis terra quia est Deus in Israël :
- et noverit universa ecclesia hæc, quia non in gladio, nec in hasta salvat Dominus : ipsius enim est bellum, et tradet vos in manus nostras.
- Cum ergo surrexisset Philisthæus, et veniret, et appropinquaret contra David, festinavit David et cucurrit ad pugnam ex adverso Philisthæi.
- Et misit manum suam in peram, tulitque unum lapidem, et funda jecit, et circumducens percussit Philisthæum in fronte : et infixus est lapis in fronte ejus, et cecidit in faciem suam super terram.
- Prævaluitque David adversum Philisthæum in funda et lapide, percussumque Philisthæum interfecit. Cumque gladium non haberet in manu David,
- cucurrit, et stetit super Philisthæum, et tulit gladium ejus, et eduxit eum de vagina sua : et interfecit eum, præciditque caput ejus. Videntes autem Philisthiim quod mortuus esset fortissimus eorum, fugerunt.
- Et consurgentes viri Israël et Juda vociferati sunt, et persecuti sunt Philisthæos usque dum venirent in vallem, et usque ad portas Accaron, cecideruntque vulnerati de Philisthiim in via Saraim, et usque ad Geth, et usque ad Accaron.
- Et revertentes filii Israël postquam persecuti fuerant Philisthæos, invaserunt castra eorum.
- Assumens autem David caput Philisthæi, attulit illud in Jerusalem : arma vero ejus posuit in tabernaculo suo.
- Eo autem tempore, quo viderat Saul David egredientem contra Philisthæum, ait ad Abner principem militiæ : De qua stirpe descendit hic adolescens, Abner ? Dixitque Abner : Vivit anima tua, rex, si novi.
- Et ait rex : Interroga tu, cujus filius sit iste puer.
- Cumque regressus esset David, percusso Philisthæo, tulit eum Abner, et introduxit coram Saule, caput Philisthæi habentem in manu.
- Et ait ad eum Saul : De qua progenie es, o adolescens ? Dixitque David : Filius servi tui Isai Bethlehemitæ ego sum.
| 1 Samuel 17 Text (KJV)
- Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.
- And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
- And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
- And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
- And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
- And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
- And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
- And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
- If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
- And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
- When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
- Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
- And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
- And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.
- But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
- And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
- And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;
- And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
- Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
- And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.
- For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
- And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren.
- And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
- And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.
- And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
- And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
- And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
- And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
- And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
- And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
- And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
- And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
- And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
- And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
- And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
- Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
- David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
- And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
- And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
- And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
- And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
- And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
- And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
- And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
- Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
- This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
- And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our hands.
- And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
- And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
- So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
- Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.
- And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
- And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
- And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
- And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
- And the king said, Inquire thou whose son the stripling is.
- And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
- And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.