1 Kings 20

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1 Kings 20 - Versions
1 Kings 20 Text (WEB)
  1. Ben Hadad the king of Syria gathered all his army together; and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and fought against it.
  2. He sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel, into the city, and said to him, "Thus says Ben Hadad,
  3. 'Your silver and your gold is mine. Your wives also and your children, even the best, are mine.'"
  4. The king of Israel answered, "It is according to your saying, my lord, O king. I am yours, and all that I have."
  5. The messengers came again, and said, "Ben Hadad says, 'I sent indeed to you, saying, "You shall deliver me your silver, and your gold, and your wives, and your children;
  6. but I will send my servants to you tomorrow about this time, and they shall search your house, and the houses of your servants; and it shall be, that whatever is pleasant in your eyes, they shall put it in their hand, and take it away."'"
  7. Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, and said, "Please notice how this man seeks mischief; for he sent to me for my wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I didn't deny him."
  8. All the elders and all the people said to him, "Don't listen, neither consent."
  9. Therefore he said to the messengers of Ben Hadad, "Tell my lord the king, 'All that you sent for to your servant at the first I will do; but this thing I cannot do.'" The messengers departed, and brought him back the message.
  10. Ben Hadad sent to him, and said, "The gods do so to me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people who follow me."
  11. The king of Israel answered, "Tell him, 'Don't let him who puts on his armor brag like he who takes it off.'"
  12. It happened, when Ben Hadad heard this message, as he was drinking, he and the kings, in the pavilions, that he said to his servants, "Prepare to attack!" They prepared to attack the city.
  13. Behold, a prophet came near to Ahab king of Israel, and said, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Have you seen all this great multitude? Behold, I will deliver it into your hand this day; and you shall know that I am Yahweh.'"
  14. Ahab said, "By whom?" He said, "Thus says Yahweh, 'By the young men of the princes of the provinces.'" Then he said, "Who shall begin the battle?" He answered, "You."
  15. Then he mustered the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred and thirty-two. After them, he mustered all the people, even all the children of Israel, being seven thousand.
  16. They went out at noon. But Ben Hadad was drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty-two kings who helped him.
  17. The young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Ben Hadad sent out, and they told him, saying, "Men are coming out from Samaria."
  18. He said, "If they have come out for peace, take them alive; or if they have come out for war, take them alive."
  19. So these went out of the city, the young men of the princes of the provinces, and the army which followed them.
  20. They each killed his man. The Syrians fled, and Israel pursued them. Ben Hadad the king of Syria escaped on a horse with horsemen.
  21. The king of Israel went out, and struck the horses and chariots, and killed the Syrians with a great slaughter.
  22. The prophet came near to the king of Israel, and said to him, "Go, strengthen yourself, and mark, and see what you do; for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against you."
  23. The servants of the king of Syria said to him, "Their god is a god of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we. But let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.
  24. Do this thing: take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their place.
  25. Muster an army, like the army that you have lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot. We will fight against them in the plain, and surely we will be stronger than them." He listened to their voice, and did so.
  26. It happened at the return of the year, that Ben Hadad mustered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
  27. The children of Israel were mustered, and were provisioned, and went against them. The children of Israel encamped before them like two little flocks of young goats; but the Syrians filled the country.
  28. A man of God came near and spoke to the king of Israel, and said, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Because the Syrians have said, "Yahweh is a god of the hills, but he is not a god of the valleys;" therefore I will deliver all this great multitude into your hand, and you shall know that I am Yahweh.'"
  29. They encamped one over against the other seven days. So it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined; and the children of Israel killed one hundred thousand footmen of the Syrians in one day.
  30. But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and the wall fell on twenty-seven thousand men who were left. Ben Hadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner room.
  31. His servants said to him, "See now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings. Please let us put sackcloth on our bodies, and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel. Maybe he will save your life."
  32. So they put sackcloth on their bodies and ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, "Your servant Ben Hadad says, 'Please let me live.'" He said, "Is he still alive? He is my brother."
  33. Now the men observed diligently, and hurried to take this phrase; and they said, "Your brother Ben Hadad." Then he said, "Go, bring him." Then Ben Hadad came out to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
  34. Ben Hadad said to him, "The cities which my father took from your father I will restore. You shall make streets for yourself in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria." "I," said Ahab, "will let you go with this covenant." So he made a covenant with him, and let him go.
  35. A certain man of the sons of the prophets said to his fellow by the word of Yahweh, "Please strike me!" The man refused to strike him.
  36. Then he said to him, "Because you have not obeyed the voice of Yahweh, behold, as soon as you are departed from me, a lion shall kill you." As soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him, and killed him.
  37. Then he found another man, and said, "Please strike me." The man struck him, smiting and wounding him.
  38. So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised himself with his headband over his eyes.
  39. As the king passed by, he cried to the king; and he said, "Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man to me, and said, 'Guard this man! If by any means he be missing, then your life shall be for his life, or else you shall pay a talent of silver.'
  40. As your servant was busy here and there, he was gone." The king of Israel said to him, "So your judgment shall be; yourself have decided it."
  41. He hurried, and took the headband away from his eyes; and the king of Israel recognized that he was of the prophets.
  42. He said to him, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Because you have let go out of your hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore your life shall go for his life, and your people for his people.'"
  43. The king of Israel went to his house sullen and angry, and came to Samaria.
1 Kings 20 Text (Hebrew)
  1. ובן־הדד מלך־ארם קבץ את־כל־חילו ושלשים ושנים מלך אתו וסוס ורכב ויעל ויצר על־שמרון וילחם בה׃
  2. כספך וזהבך לי־הוא ונשיך ובניך הטובים לי־הם׃
  3. כספך וזהבך לי־הוא ונשיך ובניך הטובים לי־הם׃
  4. ויען מלך־ישראל ויאמר כדברך אדני המלך לך אני וכל־אשר־לי׃
  5. וישבו המלאכים ויאמרו כה־אמר בן־הדד לאמר כי־שלחתי אליך לאמר כספך וזהבך ונשיך ובניך לי תתן׃
  6. כי אם־כעת מחר אשלח את־עבדי אליך וחפשו את־ביתך ואת בתי עבדיך והיה כל־מחמד עיניך ישימו בידם ולקחו׃
  7. ויקרא מלך־ישראל לכל־זקני הארץ ויאמר דעו־נא וראו כי רעה זה מבקש כי־שלח אלי לנשי ולבני ולכספי ולזהבי ולא מנעתי ממנו׃
  8. ויאמרו אליו כל־הזקנים וכל־העם אל־תשמע ולוא תאבה׃
  9. ויאמר למלאכי בן־הדד אמרו לאדני המלך כל אשר־שלחת אל־עבדך בראשנה אעשה והדבר הזה לא אוכל לעשות וילכו המלאכים וישבהו דבר׃
  10. וישלח אליו בן־הדד ויאמר כה־יעשון לי אלהים וכה יוספו אם־ישפק עפר שמרון לשעלים לכל־העם אשר ברגלי׃
  11. ויען מלך־ישראל ויאמר דברו אל־יתהלל חגר כמפתח׃
  12. ויהי כשמע את־הדבר הזה והוא שתה הוא והמלכים בסכות ויאמר אל־עבדיו שימו וישימו על־העיר׃
  13. והנה נביא אחד נגש אל־אחאב מלך־ישראל ויאמר כה אמר יהוה הראית את כל־ההמון הגדול הזה הנני נתנו בידך היום וידעת כי־אני יהוה׃
  14. ויאמר אחאב במי ויאמר כה־אמר יהוה בנערי שרי המדינות ויאמר מי־יאסר המלחמה ויאמר אתה׃
  15. ויפקד את־נערי שרי המדינות ויהיו מאתים שנים ושלשים ואחריהם פקד את־כל־העם כל־בני ישראל שבעת אלפים׃
  16. ויצאו בצהרים ובן־הדד שתה שכור בסכות הוא והמלכים שלשים־ושנים מלך עזר אתו׃
  17. ויצאו נערי שרי המדינות בראשנה וישלח בן־הדד ויגידו לו לאמר אנשים יצאו משמרון׃
  18. ויאמר אם־לשלום יצאו תפשום חיים ואם למלחמה יצאו חיים תפשום׃
  19. ואלה יצאו מן־העיר נערי שרי המדינות והחיל אשר אחריהם׃
  20. ויכו איש אישו וינסו ארם וירדפם ישראל וימלט בן־הדד מלך ארם על־סוס ופרשים׃
  21. ויצא מלך ישראל ויך את־הסוס ואת־הרכב והכה בארם מכה גדולה׃
  22. ויגש הנביא אל־מלך ישראל ויאמר לו לך התחזק ודע וראה את אשר־תעשה כי לתשובת השנה מלך ארם עלה עליך׃ ס
  23. ועבדי מלך־ארם אמרו אליו אלהי הרים אלהיהם על־כן חזקו ממנו ואולם נלחם אתם במישור אם־לא נחזק מהם׃
  24. ואת־הדבר הזה עשה הסר המלכים איש ממקמו ושים פחות תחתיהם׃
  25. ואתה תמנה־לך חיל כחיל הנפל מאותך וסוס כסוס ורכב כרכב ונלחמה אותם במישור אם־לא נחזק מהם וישמע לקלם ויעש כן׃ ף
  26. ויהי לתשובת השנה ויפקד בן־הדד את־ארם ויעל אפקה למלחמה עם־ישראל׃
  27. ובני ישראל התפקדו וכלכלו וילכו לקראתם ויחנו בני־ישראל נגדם כשני חשפי עזים וארם מלאו את־הארץ׃
  28. ויגש איש האלהים ויאמר אל־מלך ישראל ויאמר כה־אמר יהוה יען אשר אמרו ארם אלהי הרים יהוה ולא־אלהי עמקים הוא ונתתי את־כל־ההמון הגדול הזה בידך וידעתם כי־אני יהוה׃
  29. ויחנו אלה נכח אלה שבעת ימים ויהי ביום השביעי ותקרב המלחמה ויכו בני־ישראל את־ארם מאה־אלף רגלי ביום אחד׃
  30. וינסו הנותרים אפקה אל־העיר ותפל החומה על־עשרים ושבעה אלף איש הנותרים ובן־הדד נס ויבא אל־העיר חדר בחדר׃ ס
  31. ויאמרו אליו עבדיו הנה־נא שמענו כי מלכי בית ישראל כי־מלכי חסד הם נשימה נא שקים במתנינו וחבלים בראשנו ונצא אל־מלך ישראל אולי יחיה את־נפשך׃
  32. ויחגרו שקים במתניהם וחבלים בראשיהם ויבאו אל־מלך ישראל ויאמרו עבדך בן־הדד אמר תחי־נא נפשי ויאמר העודנו חי אחי הוא׃
  33. והאנשים ינחשו וימהרו ויחלטו הממנו ויאמרו אחיך בן־הדד ויאמר באו קחהו ויצא אליו בן־הדד ויעלהו על־המרכבה׃
  34. ויאמר אליו הערים אשר־לקח־אבי מאת אביך אשיב וחוצות תשים לך בדמשק כאשר־שם אבי בשמרון ואני בברית אשלחך ויכרת־לו ברית וישלחהו׃ ס
  35. ואיש אחד מבני הנביאים אמר אל־רעהו בדבר יהוה הכיני נא וימאן האיש להכתו׃
  36. ויאמר לו יען אשר לא־שמעת בקול יהוה הנך הולך מאתי והךך האריה וילך מאצלו וימצאהו האריה ויכהו׃
  37. וימצא איש אחר ויאמר הכיני נא ויכהו האיש הכה ופצע׃
  38. וילך הנביא ויעמד למלך על־הדרך ויתחפש באפר על־עיניו׃
  39. ויהי המלך עבר והוא צעק אל־המלך ויאמר עבדך יצא בקרב־המלחמה והנה־איש סר ויבא אלי איש ויאמר שמר את־האיש הזה אם־הפקד יפקד והיתה נפשך תחת נפשו או ככר־כסף תשקול׃
  40. ויהי עבדך עשה הנה והנה והוא איננו ויאמר אליו מלך־ישראל כן משפטך אתה חרצת׃
  41. וימהר ויסר את־האפר עיניו ויכר אתו מלך ישראל כי מהנבאים הוא׃
  42. ויאמר אליו כה אמר יהוה יען שלחת את־איש־חרמי מיד והיתה נפשך תחת נפשו ועמך תחת עמו׃
  43. וילך מלך־ישראל על־ביתו סר וזעף ויבא שמרונה׃ ף
1 Kings 20 Text (Greek)
  1. και συνηθροισεν υιος αδερ πασαν την δυναμιν αυτου και ανεβη και περιεκαθισεν επι σαμαρειαν και τριακοντα και δυο βασιλεις μετ' αυτου και πας ιππος και αρμα και ανεβησαν και περιεκαθισαν επι σαμαρειαν και επολεμησαν επ'
  2. και απεστειλεν προς αχααβ βασιλεα ισραηλ εις την
  3. και ειπεν προς αυτον ταδε λεγει υιος αδερ το αργυριον σου και το χρυσιον σου εμον εστιν και αι γυναικες σου και τα τεκνα σου εμα
  4. και απεκριθη ο βασιλευς ισραηλ και ειπεν καθως ελαλησας κυριε βασιλευ σος εγω ειμι και παντα τα
  5. και ανεστρεψαν οι αγγελοι και ειπον ταδε λεγει υιος αδερ εγω απεσταλκα προς σε λεγων το αργυριον σου και το χρυσιον σου και τας γυναικας σου και τα τεκνα σου δωσεις
  6. οτι ταυτην την ωραν αυριον αποστελω τους παιδας μου προς σε και ερευνησουσιν τον οικον σου και τους οικους των παιδων σου και εσται τα επιθυμηματα οφθαλμων αυτων εφ' α αν επιβαλωσι τας χειρας αυτων και
  7. και εκαλεσεν ο βασιλευς ισραηλ παντας τους πρεσβυτερους και ειπεν γνωτε δη και ιδετε οτι κακιαν ουτος ζητει οτι απεσταλκεν προς με περι των γυναικων μου και περι των υιων μου και περι των θυγατερων μου το αργυριον μου και το χρυσιον μου ουκ απεκωλυσα απ'
  8. και ειπαν αυτω οι πρεσβυτεροι και πας ο λαος μη ακουσης και μη
  9. και ειπεν τοις αγγελοις υιου αδερ λεγετε τω κυριω υμων παντα οσα απεσταλκας προς τον δουλον σου εν πρωτοις ποιησω το δε ρημα τουτο ου δυνησομαι ποιησαι και απηραν οι ανδρες και επεστρεψαν αυτω
  10. και ανταπεστειλεν προς αυτον υιος αδερ λεγων ταδε ποιησαι μοι ο θεος και ταδε προσθειη ει εκποιησει ο χους σαμαρειας ταις αλωπεξιν παντι τω λαω τοις πεζοις
  11. και απεκριθη ο βασιλευς ισραηλ και ειπεν ικανουσθω μη καυχασθω ο κυρτος ως ο
  12. και εγενετο οτε απεκριθη αυτω τον λογον τουτον πινων ην αυτος και παντες οι βασιλεις μετ' αυτου εν σκηναις και ειπεν τοις παισιν αυτου οικοδομησατε χαρακα και εθεντο χαρακα επι την
  13. και ιδου προφητης εις προσηλθεν τω βασιλει ισραηλ και ειπεν ταδε λεγει κυριος ει εορακας παντα τον οχλον τον μεγαν τουτον ιδου εγω διδωμι αυτον σημερον εις χειρας σας και γνωση οτι εγω
  14. και ειπεν αχααβ εν τινι και ειπεν ταδε λεγει κυριος εν τοις παιδαριοις των αρχοντων των χωρων και ειπεν αχααβ τις συναψει τον πολεμον και ειπεν
  15. και επεσκεψατο αχααβ τα παιδαρια των αρχοντων των χωρων και εγενοντο διακοσιοι και τριακοντα και μετα ταυτα επεσκεψατο τον λαον παν υιον δυναμεως εξηκοντα
  16. και εξηλθεν μεσημβριας και υιος αδερ πινων μεθυων εν σοκχωθ αυτος και οι βασιλεις τριακοντα και δυο βασιλεις συμβοηθοι μετ'
  17. και εξηλθον παιδαρια αρχοντων των χωρων εν πρωτοις και αποστελλουσιν και απαγγελλουσιν τω βασιλει συριας λεγοντες ανδρες εξεληλυθασιν εκ
  18. και ειπεν αυτοις ει εις ειρηνην ουτοι εκπορευονται συλλαβετε αυτους ζωντας και ει εις πολεμον ζωντας συλλαβετε
  19. και μη εξελθατωσαν εκ της πολεως τα παιδαρια αρχοντων των χωρων και η δυναμις οπισω
  20. επαταξεν εκαστος τον παρ' αυτου και εδευτερωσεν εκαστος τον παρ' αυτου και εφυγεν συρια και κατεδιωξεν αυτους ισραηλ και σωζεται υιος αδερ βασιλευς συριας εφ' ιππου
  21. και εξηλθεν βασιλευς ισραηλ και ελαβεν παντας τους ιππους και τα αρματα και επαταξεν πληγην μεγαλην εν
  22. και προσηλθεν ο προφητης προς βασιλεα ισραηλ και ειπεν κραταιου και γνωθι και ιδε τι ποιησεις οτι επιστρεφοντος του ενιαυτου υιος αδερ βασιλευς συριας αναβαινει επι
  23. και οι παιδες βασιλεως συριας ειπον θεος ορεων θεος ισραηλ και ου θεος κοιλαδων δια τουτο εκραταιωσεν υπερ ημας εαν δε πολεμησωμεν αυτους κατ' ευθυ ει μη κραταιωσομεν υπερ
  24. και το ρημα τουτο ποιησον αποστησον τους βασιλεις εκαστον εις τον τοπον αυτων και θου αντ' αυτων
  25. και αλλαξομεν σοι δυναμιν κατα την δυναμιν την πεσουσαν απο σου και ιππον κατα την ιππον και αρματα κατα τα αρματα και πολεμησομεν προς αυτους κατ' ευθυ και κραταιωσομεν υπερ αυτους και ηκουσεν της φωνης αυτων και εποιησεν
  26. και εγενετο επιστρεψαντος του ενιαυτου και επεσκεψατο υιος αδερ την συριαν και ανεβη εις αφεκα εις πολεμον επι
  27. και οι υιοι ισραηλ επεσκεπησαν και παρεγενοντο εις απαντην αυτων και παρενεβαλεν ισραηλ εξ εναντιας αυτων ωσει δυο ποιμνια αιγων και συρια επλησεν την
  28. και προσηλθεν ο ανθρωπος του θεου και ειπεν τω βασιλει ισραηλ ταδε λεγει κυριος ανθ' ων ειπεν συρια θεος ορεων κυριος ο θεος ισραηλ και ου θεος κοιλαδων αυτος και δωσω την δυναμιν την μεγαλην ταυτην εις χειρα σην και γνωση οτι εγω
  29. και παρεμβαλλουσιν ουτοι απεναντι τουτων επτα ημερας και εγενετο εν τη ημερα τη εβδομη και προσηγαγεν ο πολεμος και επαταξεν ισραηλ την συριαν εκατον χιλιαδας πεζων μια
  30. και εφυγον οι καταλοιποι εις αφεκα εις την πολιν και επεσεν το τειχος επι εικοσι και επτα χιλιαδας ανδρων των καταλοιπων και υιος αδερ εφυγεν και εισηλθεν εις τον οικον του κοιτωνος εις το
  31. και ειπεν τοις παισιν αυτου οιδα οτι βασιλεις ισραηλ βασιλεις ελεους εισιν επιθωμεθα δη σακκους επι τας οσφυας ημων και σχοινια επι τας κεφαλας ημων και εξελθωμεν προς βασιλεα ισραηλ ει πως ζωογονησει τας ψυχας
  32. και περιεζωσαντο σακκους επι τας οσφυας αυτων και εθεσαν σχοινια επι τας κεφαλας αυτων και ειπον τω βασιλει ισραηλ δουλος σου υιος αδερ λεγει ζησατω δη η ψυχη μου και ειπεν ει ετι ζη αδελφος μου
  33. και οι ανδρες οιωνισαντο και εσπευσαν και ανελεξαν τον λογον εκ του στοματος αυτου και ειπον αδελφος σου υιος αδερ και ειπεν εισελθατε και λαβετε αυτον και εξηλθεν προς αυτον υιος αδερ και αναβιβαζουσιν αυτον προς αυτον επι το
  34. και ειπεν προς αυτον τας πολεις ας ελαβεν ο πατηρ μου παρα του πατρος σου αποδωσω σοι και εξοδους θησεις σαυτω εν δαμασκω καθως εθετο ο πατηρ μου εν σαμαρεια και εγω εν διαθηκη εξαποστελω σε και διεθετο αυτω διαθηκην και εξαπεστειλεν
  35. και ανθρωπος εις εκ των υιων των προφητων ειπεν προς τον πλησιον αυτου εν λογω κυριου παταξον δη με και ουκ ηθελησεν ο ανθρωπος παταξαι
  36. και ειπεν προς αυτον ανθ' ων ουκ ηκουσας της φωνης κυριου ιδου συ αποτρεχεις απ' εμου και παταξει σε λεων και απηλθεν απ' αυτου και ευρισκει αυτον λεων και επαταξεν
  37. και ευρισκει ανθρωπον αλλον και ειπεν παταξον με δη και επαταξεν αυτον ο ανθρωπος παταξας και
  38. και επορευθη ο προφητης και εστη τω βασιλει ισραηλ επι της οδου και κατεδησατο τελαμωνι τους οφθαλμους
  39. και εγενετο ως ο βασιλευς παρεπορευετο και ουτος εβοα προς τον βασιλεα και ειπεν ο δουλος σου εξηλθεν επι την στρατιαν του πολεμου και ιδου ανηρ εισηγαγεν προς με ανδρα και ειπεν προς με φυλαξον τουτον τον ανδρα εαν δε εκπηδων εκπηδηση και εσται η ψυχη σου αντι της ψυχης αυτου η ταλαντον αργυριου
  40. και εγενηθη περιεβλεψατο ο δουλος σου ωδε και ωδε και ουτος ουκ ην και ειπεν προς αυτον ο βασιλευς ισραηλ ιδου και τα ενεδρα παρ' εμοι
  41. και εσπευσεν και αφειλεν τον τελαμωνα απο των οφθαλμων αυτου και επεγνω αυτον ο βασιλευς ισραηλ οτι εκ των προφητων
  42. και ειπεν προς αυτον ταδε λεγει κυριος διοτι εξηνεγκας συ ανδρα ολεθριον εκ χειρος σου και εσται η ψυχη σου αντι της ψυχης αυτου και ο λαος σου αντι του λαου
  43. και απηλθεν ο βασιλευς ισραηλ συγκεχυμενος και εκλελυμενος και ερχεται εις
1 Kings 20 Text (Latin)
  1. Porro Benadad rex Syriæ congregavit omnem exercitum suum, et triginta duos reges secum, et equos, et currus : et ascendens pugnabat contra Samariam, et obsidebat eum.
  2. Mittensque nuntios ad Achab regem Israël in civitatem,
  3. ait : Hæc dicit Benadad : Argentum tuum, et aurum tuum meum est : et uxores tuæ, et filii tui optimi, mei sunt.
  4. Responditque rex Israël : Juxta verbum tuum, domine mi rex, tuus sum ego, et omnia mea.
  5. Revertentesque nuntii, dixerunt : Hæc dicit Benadad, qui misit nos ad te : Argentum tuum, et aurum tuum, et uxores tuas, et filios tuos, dabis mihi.
  6. Cras igitur hac eadem hora mittam servos meos ad te, et scrutabuntur domum tuam, et domum servorum tuorum : et omne quod eis placuerit, ponent in manibus suis, et auferent.
  7. Vocavit autem rex Israël omnes seniores terræ, et ait : Animadvertite, et videte quoniam insidietur nobis : misit enim ad me pro uxoribus meis, et filiis, et pro argento et auro : et non abnui.
  8. Dixeruntque omnes majores natu, et universus populus, ad eum : Non audias, neque acquiescas illi.
  9. Respondit itaque nuntiis Benadad : Dicite domino meo regi : Omnia propter quæ misisti ad me servum tuum in initio, faciam : hanc autem rem facere non possum.
  10. Reversique nuntii retulerunt ei. Qui remisit, et ait : Hæc faciant mihi dii, et hæc addant, si suffecerit pulvis Samariæ pugillis omnis populi qui sequitur me.
  11. Et respondens rex Israël, ait : Dicite ei : Ne glorietur, accinctus æque ut discinctus.
  12. Factum est autem, cum audisset Benadad verbum istud, bibebat ipse et reges in umbraculis, et ait servis suis : Circumdate civitatem. Et circumdederunt eam.
  13. Et ecce propheta unus accedens ad Achab regem Israël, ait ei : Hæc dicit Dominus : Certe vidisti omnem multitudinem hanc nimiam ? Ecce, ego tradam eam in manu tua hodie : ut scias, quia ego sum Dominus.
  14. Et ait Achab : Per quem ? Dixitque ei : Hæc dicit Dominus : Per pedissequos principum provinciarum. Et ait : Quis incipiet præliari ? Et ille dixit : Tu.
  15. Recensuit ergo pueros principum provinciarum, et reperit numerum ducentorum triginta duorum : et recensuit post eos populum, omnes filios Israël, septem millia.
  16. Et egressi sunt meridie. Benadad autem bibebat temulentus in umbraculo suo, et reges triginta duo cum eo, qui ad auxilium ejus venerant.
  17. Egressi sunt autem pueri principum provinciarum in prima fronte. Misit itaque Benadad. Qui nuntiaverunt ei, dicentes : Viri egressi sunt de Samaria.
  18. Et ille ait : Sive pro pace veniunt, apprehendite eos vivos : sive ut prælientur, vivos eos capite.
  19. Egressi sunt ergo pueri principum provinciarum, ac reliquus exercitus sequebatur :
  20. et percussit unusquisque virum, qui contra se veniebat : fugeruntque Syri, et persecutus est eos Israël. Fugit quoque Benadad rex Syriæ in equo cum equitibus suis.
  21. Necnon egressus rex Israël percussit equos et currus, et percussit Syriam plaga magna.
  22. Accedens autem propheta ad regem Israël, dixit ei : Vade, et confortare, et scito, et vide quid facias : sequenti enim anno rex Syriæ ascendet contra te.
  23. Servi vero regis Syriæ dixerunt ei : Dii montium sunt dii eorum, ideo superaverunt nos : sed melius est ut pugnemus contra eos in campestribus, et obtinebimus eos.
  24. Tu ergo verbum hoc fac : amove reges singulos ab exercitu tuo, et pone principes pro eis :
  25. et instaura numerum militum qui ceciderunt de tuis, et equos secundum equos pristinos, et currus secundum currus quos ante habuisti : et pugnabimus contra eos in campestribus, et videbis quod obtinebimus eos. Credidit consilio eorum, et fecit ita.
  26. Igitur postquam annus transierat, recensuit Benadad Syros, et ascendit in Aphec ut pugnaret contra Israël.
  27. Porro filii Israël recensiti sunt, et acceptis cibariis profecti ex adverso, castraque metati sunt contra eos, quasi duo parvi greges caprarum : Syri autem repleverunt terram.
  28. (Et accedens unus vir Dei, dixit ad regem Israël : Hæc dicit Dominus : Quia dixerunt Syri : Deus montium est Dominus et non est Deus vallium : dabo omnem multitudinem hanc grandem in manu tua, et scietis quia ego sum Dominus.)
  29. Dirigebantque septem diebus ex adverso hi atque illi acies, septima autem die commissum est bellum : percusseruntque filii Israël de Syris centum millia peditum in die una.
  30. Fugerunt autem qui remanserant in Aphec, in civitatem : et cecidit murus super viginti septem millia hominum, qui remanserant. Porro Benadad fugiens ingressus est civitatem, in cubiculum quod erat intra cubiculum.
  31. Dixeruntque ei servi sui : Ecce, audivimus quod reges domus Israël clementes sint : ponamus itaque saccos in lumbis nostris, et funiculos in capitibus nostris, et egrediamur ad regem Israël : forsitan salvabit animas nostras.
  32. Accinxerunt saccis lumbos suos, et posuerunt funiculos in capitibus suis, veneruntque ad regem Israël, et dixerunt ei : Servus tuus Benadad dicit : Vivat, oro te, anima mea. Et ille ait : Si adhuc vivit, frater meus est.
  33. Quod acceperunt viri pro omine : et festinantes rapuerunt verbum ex ore ejus, atque dixerunt : Frater tuus Benadad. Et dixit eis : Ite, et adducite eum ad me. Egressus est ergo ad eum Benadad, et levavit eum in currum suum.
  34. Qui dixit ei : Civitates, quas tulit pater meus a patre tuo, reddam : et plateas fac tibi in Damasco, sicut fecit pater meus in Samaria, et ego fœderatus recedam a te. Pepigit ergo fœdus, et dimisit eum.
  35. Tunc vir quidam de filiis prophetarum dixit ad socium suum in sermone Domini : Percute me. At ille noluit percutere.
  36. Cui ait : Quia noluisti audire vocem Domini, ecce recedes a me, et percutiet te leo. Cumque paululum recessisset ab eo, invenit eum leo, atque percussit.
  37. Sed alterum inveniens virum, dixit ad eum : Percute me. Qui percussit eum, et vulneravit.
  38. Abiit ergo propheta, et occurrit regi in via, et mutavit aspersione pulveris os et oculos suos.
  39. Cumque rex transisset, clamavit ad regem, ait ait : Servus tuus egressus est ad præliandum cominus : cumque fugisset vir unus, adduxit eum quidam ad me, et ait : Custodi virum istum : qui si lapsus fuerit, erit anima tua pro anima ejus, aut talentum argenti appendes.
  40. Dum autem ego turbatus huc illucque me verterem, subito non comparuit. Et ait rex Israël ad eum : Hoc est judicium tuum, quod ipse decrevisti.
  41. At ille statim abstersit pulverem de facie sua, et cognovit eum rex Israël, quod esset de prophetis.
  42. Qui ait ad eum : Hæc dicit Dominus : Quia dimisisti virum dignum morte de manu tua, erit anima tua pro anima ejus, et populus tuus pro populo ejus.
  43. Reversus est igitur rex Israël in domum suam, audire contemnens, et furibundus venit in Samariam.
1 Kings 20 Text (KJV)
  1. And Ben-hadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and there were thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it.
  2. And he sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel into the city, and said unto him, Thus saith Ben-hadad,
  3. Thy silver and thy gold is mine; thy wives also and thy children, even the goodliest, are mine.
  4. And the king of Israel answered and said, My lord, O king, according to thy saying, I am thine, and all that I have.
  5. And the messengers came again, and said, Thus speaketh Ben-hadad, saying, Although I have sent unto thee, saying, Thou shalt deliver me thy silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy children;
  6. Yet I will send my servants unto thee to morrow about this time, and they shall search thine house, and the houses of thy servants; and it shall be, that whatsoever is pleasant in thine eyes, they shall put it in their hand, and take it away.
  7. Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, and said, Mark, I pray you, and see how this man seeketh mischief: for he sent unto me for my wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I denied him not.
  8. And all the elders and all the people said unto him, Hearken not unto him, nor consent.
  9. Wherefore he said unto the messengers of Ben-hadad, Tell my lord the king, All that thou didst send for to thy servant at the first I will do: but this thing I may not do. And the messengers departed, and brought him word again.
  10. And Ben-hadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me.
  11. And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell him, Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off.
  12. And it came to pass, when Ben-hadad heard this message, as he was drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions,that he said unto his servants, Set yourselves in array. And they set themselves in array against the city.
  13. And, behold, there came a prophet unto Ahab king of Israel, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou seen all this great multitude? behold, I will deliver it in to thine hand this day; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
  14. And Ahab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith the LORD, Even by the young men of the princes of the provinces. Then he said, Who shall order the battle? And he answered, Thou.
  15. Then he numbered the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred and thirty two: and after them he numbered all the people, even all the children of Israel, being seven thousand.
  16. And they went out at noon. But Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him.
  17. And the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come out of Samaria.
  18. And he said, Whether they be come out for peace, take them alive; or whether they be come out for war, take them alive.
  19. So these young men of the princes of the provinces came out of the city, and the army which followed them.
  20. And they slew every one his man: and the Syrians fled; and Israel pursued them: and Ben-hadad the king of Syria escaped on an horse with the horsemen.
  21. And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.
  22. And the prophet came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thy self, and mark, and see what thou doest: for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee.
  23. And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their gods are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.
  24. And do this thing, Take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their rooms:
  25. And number thee an army, like the army that thou hast lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot: and we will fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so.
  26. And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Ben-hadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
  27. And the children of Israel were numbered, and were all present, and went against them: and the children of Israel pitched before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country.
  28. And there came a man of God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith the LORD, Because the Syrians have said, The LORD is God of the hills, but he is not God of the valleys, therefore will I deliver all this great multitude into thine hand, and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
  29. And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And so it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined: and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day.
  30. But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left. And Ben-hadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.
  31. And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life.
  32. So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Ben-hadad saith, I pray thee, let me live. And he said, Is he yet alive? he is my brother.
  33. Now the men did diligently observe whether any thing would come from him, and did hastily catch it: and they said, Thy brother Ben-hadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Ben-hadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
  34. And Ben-hadad said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then said Ahab, I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away.
  35. And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his neighbour in the word of the LORD, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man refused to smite him.
  36. Then said he unto him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him, and slew him.
  37. Then he found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, so that in smiting he wounded him.
  38. So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised himself with ashes upon his face.
  39. And as the king passed by, he cried unto the king: and he said, Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man unto me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he be missing, then shall thy life be for his life, or else thou shalt pay a talent of silver.
  40. And as thy servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto him, So shall thy judgment be; thyself hast decided it.
  41. And he hasted, and took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned him that he was of the prophets.
  42. And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Because thou hast let go out of thy hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore thy life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people.
  43. And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.
1 Kings 20
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SERMONS, ESSAYS AND OPINIONS
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