Koine Greek: Pronouns

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Pronouns in Koine Greek


A pronoun is a word that is a substitute for a noun (for example: αυτος ["he"] may replace the noun `ο ανθρωπος ["the man"]).

The replaced phrase is known as the antecedent of the pronoun.

A pronoun used for the item questioned in a question is called an interrogative pronoun, such as "who".

First Person Pronoun

Second Person Pronoun

Third Person Pronoun

Reflexive Pronouns

Interrogative and Indefinitive Pronouns

The words why and which and what and who when used as questions, are interrogative pronouns.

The words something and someone are indefinite pronouns.


If the ι has an accent on it, then the word is an interrogative pronoun. For example τίς means who or what. If the ι does not have an accent on it, then the word is an indefinite pronoun. For example τις means someone or something.

The masculine and feminine forms of the indefinite and interrogative pronoun are the same, and they decline as follows:

Singular Plural
Nominative τις τινες
Genitive τινος τινων
Dative τινι τισιν
Accusative τινα τινας

Neuter forms of the indefinite and interrogative pronoun decline as follwows:

Singular Plural
Nominative τι τινα
Genitive τινος τινων
Dative τινι τισιν
Accusative τι τινα

Relative pronouns

The words who and that and which when linking an antecedent to a new clause, are called relative pronouns.

The form of relative pronouns is closely linked to the endings of second declension masculine and neuter nouns, and first declension feminine nouns. They can be noted easily because they all have a rough breathing mark, and an accent.

The relative pronoun takes the same gender and number as its antecedent.

The case of the relative pronoun is governed by the function that the relative pronoun takes.



Return to Koine Greek


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